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A cellular disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) is a new family of genes with structural homology to the snake venom metalloproteinases and disintegrins. We screened genes which were selectively expressed in the cachexigenic colon 26 adenocarcinoma subline in vivo. It was found that one novel cDNA clone, identified as a cachexigenic tumor selective(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 is overexpressed in leukemias and various types of solid tumors, and the WT1 protein was demonstrated to be an attractive target antigen for immunotherapy against these malignancies. Here, we report the outcome of a phase I clinical study of WT1 peptide-based immunotherapy for patients with breast or lung cancer, myelodysplastic(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 consists of 10 exons and encodes a zinc finger transcription factor. There are four major WT1 isoforms resulting from alternative splicing at two sites, exon 5 (17AA) and exon 9 (KTS). All major WT1 isoforms are overexpressed in leukemia and solid tumors and play oncogenic roles such as inhibition of apoptosis, and promotion of(More)
Effective tumor vaccine may be required to induce both cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and CD4+ helper T-cell responses against tumor-associated antigens. CD4+ helper T cells that recognize HLA class II-restricted epitopes play a central role in the initiation and maintenance of antitumor immune responses. The Wilms tumor gene WT1 is overexpressed in both(More)
The prognosis of patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is still not satisfactory because, while treatment-related mortalities have decreased, relapse after HSCT remains a major concern. The effectiveness of allogeneic HSCT for hematological malignancies is the result of immunologic rejection of recipient leukemia cells by(More)
Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) possesses oncogenic functions and is expressed in various kinds of malignancies, which suggests that the gene's product, the WT1 protein, should be one of the most promising cancer antigens. In fact, the WT1 protein was shown to be highly immunogenic in cancer patients. WT1 peptides that could induce WT1-specific CTLs (WT1 CTL(More)
In tumor-bearing patients, tumor-associated antigen (TAA)-specific CTLs are spontaneously induced as a result of immune response to TAAs and play an important role in anti-tumor immunity. Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is overexpressed in various types of tumor and WT1 protein is a promising pan-TAA because of its high immunogenicity. In this study, to clarify(More)
A high level protein synthesis is one of the characteristics of cancer cells. The aim of this study is to show the contribution of eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2), which plays an essential role in the polypeptide chain elongation step, in the tumorigenesis of gastrointestinal cancers. In the present study, we demonstrated by using immunohistochemistry(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 is highly expressed in leukemias and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and WT1 expression levels increase along with the disease progression in chronic myeloid leukemia and MDS. We previously reported that IgM and IgG WT1 antibodies were detected with significantly higher detection rate and antibody titers in leukemias and MDS(More)
Clinical studies of WT1-targeted cancer vaccine are being performed. However, WT1-specific Th response in cancer patients remains unclear. Using quantitative real-time RT-PCR, we investigated IFN-gamma and IL-10 mRNA expression from Th cells by stimulation with helper peptide WT1(332). Seventeen patients, of whom 10 had achieved stable disease and the(More)