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The effect of Saiko-ka-ryukotsu-borei-to (SRBT) on the stress-induced increase of monoamines in brain regions was investigated in three mouse emotional stress models. Dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl acetic acid (DOPAC) contents were elevated significantly by electric shock stress, psychological stress and conditioned fear stress in thalamus,(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of four different Japanese and Chinese herbal prescriptions, Ren-Shen-Yang-Rong-Tang (Ninjin'yoeito, NYT), Chai-Hu-Gui-Zhi-Gan-Jiang-Tang (Saikokeishikankyoto, SKKT), Si-Jun-Zi-Tang (Shikunshito, SKT) and Si-Wu-Tang (Shimotsuto, SMT), which are traditionally used for anemia and fatigue, against(More)
Stress‑associated neuropsychiatric disease is associated with glucocorticoid levels; however, the behavior of mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) under conditions of stress remain to be elucidated. Steroid receptors in the brain are classified into glucocorticoid receptors (GR) and/or MR, exhibiting a difference in affinity for corticosteroids. The hippocampus(More)
This paper summarizes our research for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant activity obtained from a large scale screening based on superoxide radical (O(2) (•-)) scavenging activity followed by characterization of antioxidant properties. Firstly, scavenging activity against O(2) (•-) was extensively screened from ethanol extracts of approximately 1000(More)
In women facing menopause, end of menstrual activity is accompanied by lower levels of estrogen and gradual weight gain. Postmenopausal weight gain sounds an alarm for women's health and may lead to hyperlipidemia, a lipid increase and glucose intolerance. These phenomena are connected to lifestyle-related diseases such as hypertension, type II diabetes(More)
Evaluation of marble burying behavior (MBB) housing-induced alteration of monoamine metabolism in mouse brain was performed by measuring metabolite levels with HPLC-ECD. Isolated housing of mice, each in a cage (22 x 32 x 14 cm; sawdust, 1-mm diameter; 5 cm in thickness) with 15 evenly spaced glass marbles on the floor (2.5-cm diameter; control, without(More)
Activity-guided isolation of the n-butanol fraction of Chamaerhodos erecta and water soluble fraction of C. altaica resulted in the isolation of 39 compounds, including new compounds identified as 4,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde-3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1) from C. erecta and quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl-4′-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2) from C. altaica. A(More)
The mechanism of the alteration in marble burying behavior-isolated housing (MBB-IH) mice was investigated. The determination of hypothalamus monoamine and serum corticosterone contents indicated that MBB-IH mice readily responded to the stress stimuli in conditioned fear stress. Six drugs, such as buspirone (10 mg/kg, p.o.), zimelidine (10 mg/kg, p.o.),(More)
A diterpenoid diglucoside (12,19-di-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-11-hydroxyabieta-8,11,13-triene-19-one), isoscutellarein 7-O-[β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→2)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, isoscutellarein 7-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, hypolaetin 7-O-[6″-O-(p-E-coumaroyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, hypolaetin 7-O-[6″-O-(E-caffeoyl)]-β-d-glucopyranoside, and 15(More)
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