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In vitro antifungal activities of naphtoquinone-derivatives, which are constituents of Shikon, roots of Lithospermum erythrorhizon, were investigated against several fungal pathogens. When the biological activity of these compounds was tested against fungi, a wide range of sensitivity was recorded. Shikonin was found to have a stronger than fluconazole(More)
The effect of Saiko-ka-ryukotsu-borei-to (SRBT) on the stress-induced increase of monoamines in brain regions was investigated in three mouse emotional stress models. Dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl acetic acid (DOPAC) contents were elevated significantly by electric shock stress, psychological stress and conditioned fear stress in thalamus,(More)
We investigated the effects of water and ethyl acetate extracts of Citrus unshiu peel (Aurantii Nobilis pericarpium) on hepatitis C virus (HCV) absorption in MOLT-4 cells (a human lymphoblastoid leukemia cell line). By reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we showed that both the ethyl acetate layer of Citrus unshiu peel extract and(More)
To search for edible herbal extracts with potent antioxidant activity, we conducted a large scale screening based on the superoxide scavenging activity. That is, scavenging activity against superoxide anions were extensively screened from ethanol extracts of approximately 1,000 kinds of herbs by applying an electron spin resonance (ESR)-spin trapping(More)
Three Kampo medicines, Boiogito (BOT), Bofutsushosan (BTS) and Orengedokuto (OGT), used for obese patients were investigated for their effects on adipogenesis in cultured rat white adipocytes. Administration of the three extracts suppressed adipogenesis in concentration-dependent manners (1-100 microg/ml) without any cytotoxicity. Changes in mRNA expression(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the beneficial effect of Hochu-ekki-to (TJ-41) combined with interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) on daily activity, immunological and neurological alternation in a mouse model of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). CFS was induced by 6 times of repeated injection of Brucella abortus antigen every 2 weeks. Both single TJ-41 and(More)
The effect of Saiko-ka-ryukotsu-borei-to (SRBT) on the stress-induced enhancement of serum corticosterone in various stress models was investigated in mice. The serum corticosterone was elevated significantly by immobilized stress, forced-swim stress, electric-shock stress, psychological stress and conditioned-fear stress, respectively. The concentration in(More)
As a methanol extract of the rhizome of Rhodiola rosea inhibits the activity of lipase in isolated mouse plasma in vitro and in the mouse gastrointestinal tube in vivo, the active components in this plant were investigated. After fractionation and separation processes, rhodionin and rhodiosin were isolated as active ingredients. Their IC50 values were 0.093(More)
As the methanol extract of Myrica bark inhibited the activity of lipase in isolated mouse plasma in vitro, the influence of the extract on this enzyme in the gastrointestinal tube was investigated after oral intake. The methanol extract depressed the elevation of blood triglyceride level in olive oil-fed mice. Myricetin and gallic acid were suspected to be(More)
A tyrosinase inhibitor was isolated from the peel of Citrus fruit by activity-guided fractionation, and identified as 3',4',5,6,7,8-hexamethoxyflavone (nobiletin) by comparison with reported spectral data. Nobiletin (IC50 of; 46.2 microM) exhibited more potency than Kojic acid (IC50; 77.4 microM) used as a positive control, and it was found to be(More)