Fumihiko Shimada

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We investigated the effect of (R)-(-)-5-methyl-1-nicotinoyl-2-pyrazoline (MS-153), a novel neuroprotective agent, on L-[3H]glutamate uptake through GLT-1, a Na(+)/K(+)-dependent glial glutamate transporter, expressed in COS-7 cells. MS-153 (1-100 microM) accelerated the L-[3H]glutamate uptake through GLT-1 in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent(More)
By using rat brain cortical slices preloaded with [3H]norepinephrine, we examined whether ATP-sensitive K+ channels are involved in altered adrenergic neurotransmission during hypoxia. The tritium overflow evoked by transmural nerve stimulation (TNS) was significantly inhibited at 5 min of hypoxia and reached the maximum inhibition at 20 min. The inhibition(More)
The effects of diazoxide, cromakalim and pinacidil on depolarization-evoked tritium overflow from the rat brain cortical slices preloaded with [3H]noradrenaline were studied. Diazoxide inhibited both transmural nerve stimulation (TNS)- and 25 mM K(+)-evoked tritium overflows more potently than cromakalim. Diazoxide effects were only partially antagonized(More)
The pharmacokinetics of total and free prednisolone (PSL) in six healthy men, with or without pretreatment with oral glycyrrhizin (GL), was investigated to confirm whether oral administration of GL influences the metabolism of PSL in man. Each subject received an intravenous administration of 0.096 mg/kg of prednisolone hemisuccinate (PSL-HS) with or(More)
MS-153 ((R)-(-)-5-methyl-1-nicotinoyl-2-pyrazoline) is a novel pyrazoline compound that has potent cerebroprotective effects in the rat focal cerebral ischemia model. Middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in rats allows detailed assessment of both functional and morphological sequelae of brain infarct. Using this model, we evaluated the cerebroprotective(More)
We investigated the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone (PSL) in six healthy men, with or without glycyrrhizin (GL), to confirm whether GL influences the metabolism of PSL in humans. Each subject received an intravenous administration of 0.096 mg/kg of prednisolone hemisuccinate (PSL-HS, equivalent to 0.075 mg/kg of PSL), with or without 200 mg of GL. Blood(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate the analgesic efficacy of preoperative flurbiprofen on postoperative pain after tonsillectomy. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, nonblinded, non-placebo-controlled study. SETTING Municipal hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-five ASA physical status I patients older than 20 years of age, who were scheduled for tonsillectomy. (More)
Forty eight derivatives of berberine-type alkaloids were examined for their inhibition activity against the induction of edema on mouse ear by application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Berberine had an inhibitory effect against TPA-induced ear edema at a grade corresponding to those of quercetin, caffeine and cepharanthine. Berberine(More)
Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) of ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1), one of the glucosides of protopanaxadiol from Panax ginseng, was explored. A carrier protein (bovine serum albumin (BSA)) was coupled to the C-26 position on the unsaturated side chain of the protopanaxadiol moiety to prepare the immunogen. In order to perform bridge heterologous EIA, a label(More)