Fumihiko Sakai

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BACKGROUND Ischemic vascular hypothesis as a causative role in the pathogenesis of stroke-like episodes in MELAS remains to be debated. METHODS This study consisted of two parts. Part 1 is a clinicoradiological study during acute stage of 18 consecutive stroke-like episodes in six patients with MELAS. Part 2 is a SPECT study to assess the regional(More)
The long-term neuroimaging correlates of clinical recovery have not been described in anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. The aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term outcome of brain atrophy in anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Patients were two women (ages 17 and 33 years) with severe anti-NMDAR encephalitis resulting in decreased level(More)
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most common cause of autosomal-dominant familial Parkinson's disease (FPD). The variable pathological features of LRRK2-linked FPD include Lewy bodies, degeneration of anterior horn cells associated with axonal spheroids, neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about temporal and spatial progression of the stroke-like lesion during the acute stage of the stroke-like episode in patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). METHODS In four stroke-like episodes of MELAS observed in three patients, MRI, EEG, and SPECT were studied(More)
Plasmapheresis is widely performed as treatment for patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in the acute phase. As tryptophan-immobilized column-based immunoadsorption (Tr-IA) is a safer method than either double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) or plasma exchange (PE), we investigated whether or not Tr-IA is as effective as other methods, and should be(More)
The pathogenesis of stroke-like episodes in mitochondrial encephalopathy, myopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is not fully understood although two main theories have been proposed; ischemic vascular hypothesis caused by "mitochondrial angiopathy" and generalized cytopathic hypothesis caused by "mitochondrial cytopathy". Crucial(More)
Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a distinct clinical syndrome caused by mutations in the mitochondrial DNA. The pathogenesis of stroke-like episodes remains unknown but major vessels stenosis is not a cause of stroke-like episodes. We describe a novel heteroplasmic G617A transition in the(More)
Glycine receptor (GlyR) antibodies were recently identified in a few patients with progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM); none of these patients had antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). An inhibitory glycinergic transmission defect has also been implicated in the mechanism underlying saccadic oscillations,(More)
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a new category of treatment-responsive encephalitis associated with "anti-NMDAR antibodies", which are antibodies to the NR1/NR2 heteromers of NMDAR. The antibodies are detected in the CSF/serum of young women with ovarian teratoma, who typically develop schizophrenia-like psychiatric symptoms,(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to survey the headache diagnoses and consequences among outpatients attending neurological services in 8 Asian countries. METHODS This survey recruited patients who consulted neurologists for the first time with the chief complaint of headache. Patients suffering from headaches for 15 or more days per month were excluded.(More)