Fumihiko Sakai

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OBJECTIVE To report the definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in four Japanese women previously diagnosed with "juvenile acute nonherpetic encephalitis" of unclear etiology, and to describe their long-term follow-up in the absence of tumor resection. METHODS We extensively reviewed the case histories with current clinical and(More)
Increased homocysteine levels are associated with various pathological conditions in humans, including stroke and cardiovascular disorders. Homocysteine acts as an excitatory amino acid in vivo and may influence the threshold of migraine headache. Frosst et al. [1995] reported an association between the homozygous C677T mutation in the(More)
Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was used for the measurement of regional cerebral blood volume (CBV) and hematocrit (Hct) in normal healthy human volunteers (mean age 30 +/- 8 years). Regional cerebral red blood cell (RBC) volume and plasma volume were determined separately and their responses to carbon dioxide were investigated. Ten(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic vascular hypothesis as a causative role in the pathogenesis of stroke-like episodes in MELAS remains to be debated. METHODS This study consisted of two parts. Part 1 is a clinicoradiological study during acute stage of 18 consecutive stroke-like episodes in six patients with MELAS. Part 2 is a SPECT study to assess the regional(More)
mRNAs for cell wall-related enzymes in developing cotton fiber cells were measured by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. Both endo-1,4-beta-glucanase and expansin mRNA levels were high during cell elongation but decreased when cell elongation ceased, and xyloglucan decreased. The endo-1,3-beta-glucanase mRNA level was very low in the elongating cells but(More)
FR167653 (1-[7-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8-(4-pyridyl)pyrazolo[5-1-c] [1,2,4]triazin-2-yl]-2-phenylethanedione sulfate monohydrate) is a low molecular weight inflammatory cytokine inhibitor that inhibits the production of interleukin-1 alpha, interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in human monocytes stimulated with(More)
Serum dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) activity was measured during headache-free intervals in 17 patients with migraine and during the headache interval in 16 patients with muscle contraction headache, as well as in 40 normal subjects. The DBH activity was significantly higher in the migraine patients (46.5+/4.5 units) than in the controls (24.9+/2.4(More)
The sexual plasticity of the gonads is not retained after the completion of sex differentiation in vertebrates, except in some hermaphroditic species. Here, we report that the depletion of estradiol-17β (E2) by aromatase inhibitors (AI) for up to six months resulted in a functional female-to-male sex reversal in sexually-mature adults of two gonochoristic(More)
MR studies of five chondrosarcomas and three enchondromas were performed with intravenous Gd-DTPA administration. All tumors showed enhancement of scalloped margins and curvilinear septa (ring-and-arc pattern) on T1-weighted SE sequences with Gd-DTPA. On radiologic-pathologic correlation, the enhanced areas corresponded to fibrovascular bundles surrounding(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of stroke-like episodes in patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) remains unknown. METHODS Fourteen stroke-like episodes in six patients with MELAS were studied using clinical, neuroradiologic, and electrophysiologic approaches. In two patients postmortem(More)