Fumihiko Kajiya

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OBJECTIVE The present study was undertaken to explore the relationship between the characteristic geometry of aneurysms prone to rupture and the blood flow patterns therein, using microsurgically produced aneurysms that simulated human middle cerebral artery aneurysms in scale and shape. METHODS We measured in vivo velocity profiles using our 20-MHz,(More)
There is accumulating circumstantial evidence suggesting that endothelial cell dysfunction contributes to the "no-reflow" phenomenon in postischemic kidneys. Here, we demonstrated the vulnerability of in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo endothelial cells exposed to pathophysiologically relevant insults, such as oxidative and nitrosative stress or ischemia. All(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in vitro have demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in animals and humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis that endothelium-derived H2O2 is an EDHF in vivo and plays an important role in coronary autoregulation. METHODS AND(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate microheterogeneity of myocardial blood flow and its dependence on arterial O2 tension (PaO2). We measured within-layer distribution of regional blood flows in the left ventricles of anesthetized rabbits in both normoxic and hypoxic states with myocardial region sizes in the range of 0.01-1.0 mm2. A novel method of(More)
Little is known about the mechanisms responsible for the adaptation and changes in the capillary network of hindlimb unweighting (HU)-induced atrophied skeletal muscle, especially the coupling between functional and structural alterations of intercapillary anastomoses and tortuosity of capillaries. We hypothesized that muscle atrophy by HU leads to the(More)
We have recently demonstrated that endothelium-derived hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor and that endothelial Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) plays an important role in the synthesis of endogenous H2O2 in both animals and humans. We examined whether SOD plays a role in the synthesis of endogenous H2O2 during in vivo(More)
The elasticity of vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) was measured with an atomic force microscopy (AFM, Olympus), and analyzed by applying the Hertz model, and those data were compared with ones reported by us previously. The latter elasticity data were measured with AFM Instruments (Seiko) on the basis of the Young's modulus of gelatin gel, which was(More)
We demonstrated recently that chronic administration of aldosterone to rats induces glomerular mesangial injury and activates mitogen-activated protein kinases including extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2). We also observed that the aldosterone-induced mesangial injury and ERK1/2 activation were prevented by treatment with a selective(More)
The recent refinement and computerization of intravital microscopy have permitted us to monitor microcirculation in vivo with minimal invasion. Here, we report on the first findings made with the use of a pencil-lens intravital microscope as applied to the ischemic rat kidney. Peritubular capillary and glomerular blood flow were monitored under basal(More)
There is a paradoxical alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated coronary vasoconstriction whenever there is adrenergic activation of the heart, as during cardiovascular reflexes or exercise. A previous study demonstrated that this paradoxical vasoconstriction helps maintain blood flow to the vulnerable inner layer of the left ventricular wall during exercise, but the(More)