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There were no significant differences in the pharmacokinetics of micafungin and expression of hepatic multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2/Mrp2) between analbuminemic and Sprague-Dawley rats. Micafungin bound strongly to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and moderately to gamma globulin. These results suggest that HDL and gamma globulin contribute(More)
The drug transporter, multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2/Mrp2), is known to play important roles in excretion of various drugs. In the present study, we investigated whether Mrp2 is involved in the transport of micafungin, a newly developed antifungal agent. When Sprague-Dawley rats received an intravenous injection of micafungin (1 mg/kg) in(More)
It is well accepted that bacterial and virus infections elevate the levels of cytokines in serum and cerebrospinal fluids. Such high levels of cytokines might alter the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and/or blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB), subsequently affecting brain penetration of drugs. However, few reports have addressed this(More)
We investigated the involvement of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in the anti-allergic action of quercetin against degranulation of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells, rat peritoneal mast cells, and mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells. The strength of allergic reaction was evaluated by the extent of degranulation in mast cells sensitized with various(More)
The present study has investigated the effect of panipenem, a widely used antibiotic, on the pharmacokinetics of an active metabolite of irinotecan (CPT-11), 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin (SN-38) and SN-38 glucuronide (SN-38G) produced by uridine-diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A isoform-mediated glucuronidation in rats. Rats received a 1 h(More)
A generic drug of Taxol® Injection, Paclitaxel Injection NK (PTX injection), cannot be used for patients with severe hypersensitivity or overwhelming intolerance to alcohol because it contains ethanol as a dissolving agent. Therefore, we evaluated the suitability of de-alcoholized PTX injection for clinical application. De-alcoholization was carried out(More)
Onetaxotere®(OTAX)injection, which is a docetaxel(DOC)injection formulation, cannot be administered to those patients with alcohol intolerance or hypersensitivity, because it contains ethanol as a dissolving agent. To broaden treatment options for those patients, we tried to eliminate ethanol from OTAX injection. Under sterile conditions, dealcoholization(More)
Whether organic anion and cation transporters are involved in the renal excretion of xanthine derivatives, 3-methylxanthie and enprofylline, remains unclear. In this study, we have investigated the effects of typically predominant substrates for organic anion and cation transporters on the tubular secretion of 3-methylxanthine and enprofylline in rats. In(More)
Thalidomide has been reported to inhibit the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide (NO) that are involved in the down-regulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) induced by endotoxin. In the present study, we investigated the effects of thalidomide on endotoxin-induced decreases in the activity and expression of hepatic(More)
In this study, the involvement of sulfate conjugation and drug efflux transporter multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) in sex-related differences in the pharmacokinetics of a new quinolone antimicrobial agent, garenoxacin, was investigated in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rats (EHBRs) lacking Mrp2. The disappearance of(More)