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Several endogenous factors generated within the vessel wall have been implicated in contributing to the vascular remodeling process associated with hypertension and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, substances generated by smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are known to regulate SMC proliferation in an autocrine fashion. Adenosine is a vasodilator synthesized by SMCs,(More)
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), enhanced intrarenal angiotensin II (AngII) is involved in deterioration of renal function, but it is difficult to measure it. For assessment of the potential of urinary angiotensinogen as a marker of intrarenal AngII activity, the correlation of plasma and urinary renin-angiotensin system components, including(More)
Abnormal growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) is frequently associated with hypertension and atherosclerosis, and homeostasis within a normal vessel is maintained by the balanced generation of both vasoconstrictors and vasodilators. Moreover, several endogenous vasoconstricting factors induce SMC growth, whereas several vasodilators inhibit SMC(More)
Recognition between mammalian gametes occurs when the plasma membrane of the sperm head binds to the zona pellucida (ZP), an extracellular coat surrounding eggs. ZP3, one of three glycoproteins in the ZP, is the egg protein recognized by sperm. A mouse sperm surface protein, sp56 (M(r) = 56,000), has been identified on the basis of its specific affinity for(More)
We investigated the mechanism for non-proteolytic activation of human prorenin using five kinds of antibodies. Each of the antigens, L1PPTDTTTFKRI11P, T7PFKRIFLKRMP17P, I11PFLKRMPSIRESLKER26P, M16PPSIRESLKER26P, and G27PVDMARLGPEWSQPM41P, was designed from the tertiary structure of predicted prorenin. These antibodies were labeled anti-01/06, anti-07/10,(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether (E)-1,3-dipropyl-7-methyl-8-(3,4-dimethoxystyryl)xanthine (KF17837) is a useful pharmacological probe for investigating in the rat the in vivo physiological roles of A2 adenosine receptors. In anesthetized rats, bradycardic responses to N6-cyclopentyladenosine and hypotensive responses to(More)
The renin-angiotensin system is believed to influence blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy, but the associations between BP during pregnancy and the soluble form of the (pro)renin receptor (s[P]RR), a new component of the tissue renin-angiotensin system, remain undetermined. In this prospective cohort study of 437 pregnant women with normal BP (systolic(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of chronic kidney disease is a significant independent risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure. However, the mechanisms and mediators underlying this interaction are poorly understood. In this study, we tested our hypothesis that chronic cardiac volume overload leads to de novo renal dysfunction by(More)
We found that when a site-specific binding protein interacts with the "handle" region of the prorenin prosegment, the prorenin molecule undergoes a conformational change to its enzymatically active state. This nonproteolytic activation is completely blocked by a decoy peptide with the handle region structure, which competitively binds to such a binding(More)
Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system slows the progression of diabetic nephropathy but fails to abolish the development of end-stage nephropathy of diabetes. The prorenin-to-active renin ratio significantly increases in diabetes, and prorenin binding to its receptor in diabetic animal kidney induces the nephropathy without its conventional proteolytic(More)