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In chronic kidney disease (CKD), enhanced intrarenal angiotensin II (AngII) is involved in deterioration of renal function, but it is difficult to measure it. For assessment of the potential of urinary angiotensinogen as a marker of intrarenal AngII activity, the correlation of plasma and urinary renin-angiotensin system components, including(More)
Several endogenous factors generated within the vessel wall have been implicated in contributing to the vascular remodeling process associated with hypertension and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, substances generated by smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are known to regulate SMC proliferation in an autocrine fashion. Adenosine is a vasodilator synthesized by SMCs,(More)
Abnormal growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) is frequently associated with hypertension and atherosclerosis, and homeostasis within a normal vessel is maintained by the balanced generation of both vasoconstrictors and vasodilators. Moreover, several endogenous vasoconstricting factors induce SMC growth, whereas several vasodilators inhibit SMC(More)
Chondrocytes were isolated from growth cartilage and resting cartilage of rat rib and cultivatedin vitro. The cultivated chondrocytes were placed in Millipore diffusion chambers, which were then implanted into the abdominal cavities of rats for several weeks and prepared for histological analysis. The results indicate that growth cartilage cells have a(More)
We investigated the mechanism for non-proteolytic activation of human prorenin using five kinds of antibodies. Each of the antigens, L1PPTDTTTFKRI11P, T7PFKRIFLKRMP17P, I11PFLKRMPSIRESLKER26P, M16PPSIRESLKER26P, and G27PVDMARLGPEWSQPM41P, was designed from the tertiary structure of predicted prorenin. These antibodies were labeled anti-01/06, anti-07/10,(More)
The goal of this study was to determine whether (E)-1,3-dipropyl-7-methyl-8-(3,4-dimethoxystyryl)xanthine (KF17837) is a useful pharmacological probe for investigating in the rat the in vivo physiological roles of A2 adenosine receptors. In anesthetized rats, bradycardic responses to N6-cyclopentyladenosine and hypotensive responses to(More)
PURPOSE A recent study revealed that angiotensin receptor signaling mediates ocular inflammation and neovascularization. It was also found that prorenin undergoes nonproteolytic activation leading to upregulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) when prorenin receptor interacts specifically with the handle region of prorenin. The purpose of the present(More)
A 30-kDa protein in the medium of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was identified as (pro)renin receptor, (P)RR, by western blot analysis using anti-human (P)RR antibodies. The protein bound recombinant human prorenin with a K(D) of 4.0 nmol l(-1) and activated prorenin. These observations suggest the presence of soluble (P)RR,(More)
The renin-angiotensin system is believed to influence blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy, but the associations between BP during pregnancy and the soluble form of the (pro)renin receptor (s[P]RR), a new component of the tissue renin-angiotensin system, remain undetermined. In this prospective cohort study of 437 pregnant women with normal BP (systolic(More)
In contrast to proteolytic activation of inactive prorenin by cleavage of the N-terminal 43 residue peptide, we found that prorenin is activated without proteolysis by binding of the prorenin receptor to the pentameric "handle region" I(11P)LLKK(15P). We hypothesized that such activation occurs in hypertensive rats and causes cardiac renin-angiotensin(More)