Fumiaki Nozawa

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Limited surgery by endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric cancer is frequently performed in many institutions. These techniques do preserve gastric function and maintain a high quality of life but may compromise survival. The treatment strategy for early tumors should therefore be based on a complete cure,(More)
OBJECTIVES Our previous studies have shown that, contrary to many other human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines, AsPC1 cells are resistant to the apoptotic effect of the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, also called Apo2L (TRAIL/Apo2L). In our in vitro studies, the combination of TRAIL/Apo2L and protein synthesis inhibitor,(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway was isolated as invasion-metastasis related factor in pancreatic cancer in our previous studies. Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) and tight junction (TJ) proteins are indicated to be involved in(More)
To clarify the potential involvement of plasmin(ogen) cascade proteins in the cell dissociation and subsequent invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, western blot analysis, immunocytochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and in vitro invasion assay were performed in the cell lines or tissue of pancreatic cancer. The strong expression of plasmin(ogen), urokinase(More)
OBJECTIVES The disappointing current therapeutic approaches for pancreatic cancer (PC) represent an urgent need for the development of novel methods to control the disease. Based on a recent report on the effectiveness of pancreatic enzyme therapy, we examined the effect of porcine pancreatic enzyme extracts (PPE) on human PC xenografts in nude mice. (More)
The pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis remains controversial. According to the general opinion, chronic pancreatitis is a de novo disease with a silent but progressive restructure of the pancreas in response to environmental, nutritional or genetic factors. The necrosis-fibrosis sequence hypothesis, on the other hand, postulates that relapsing attacks of(More)
CONTEXT Porcine pancreatic enzymes (PPE) extracted from glandular stomach has been used for the treatment of pancreatic cancer patients. Unfortunately, no information is available on the in vitro and in vivo effect on the pancreas and other tissues. OBJECTIVE We used Syrian Golden hamsters, a unique pancreatic cancer model, to obtain basic information on(More)
CONTEXT Our previous study suggested that porcine pancreatic extract in hamsters with peripheral insulin resistance, normalizes insulin output, islet size and pancreatic DNA synthetic rate. It also inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells in nude mice. OBJECTIVE To examine the potential value of the porcine pancreatic extract in controlling(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular differentiation of pancreatic cells has been observed under certain conditions in several species, including humans. Their cell of origin and biology has remained controversial. Generally, these lesions have been considered a degenerative process. The present study describes a neoplastic hepatocellular lesion in Syrian hamsters. (More)
CONTEXT Our previous studies showed that porcine pancreatic enzymes in Syrian golden hamsters with peripheral insulin resistance normalizes the plasma insulin level, reduces the size of enlarged islets and inhibits the increased DNA synthesis in the beta-cell of islets. OBJECTIVE In order to exclude the possibility that these effects was attributed to(More)
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