Fumiaki Nagashima

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When carbonic anhydrase activity decreases, the regional blood flow (rBF) in organs increases as hypercapnia develops. However, the effects of acetazolamide (AZ)-induced vasodilation have not been estimated with respect to vessel size and organs. The aim of this study was to determine the diameter of the capillaries in various organs that respond to(More)
Current stem cell technologies have enabled the induction of cortical progenitors and neurons from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells in vitro. To understand the mechanisms underlying the acquisition of apico-basal polarity and the formation of processes associated with the stemness of cortical cells generated in monolayer(More)
To understand the cause of heavy structural damage during the mainshock (on April 16, 2016) of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence, we carried out a field survey from April 29 through May 1, 2016, in Mashiki where heavy damage concentration was observed. The heavy damage concentration in downtown Mashiki could be understood based on the observed strong(More)
S-1 is an oral anticancer agent that combines tegafur, a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP), an inhibitor of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase. We examined the effects of aging on the pharmacokinetics of the components of S-1. The median area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of active 5-FU did not significantly(More)
13078 Background: Pharmacogenetic testing of UGT1A1*28, a promoter variant of UGT1A1 gene, for estimating a risk of irinotecan toxicity has been introduced into clinical practice. PURPOSE To elucidate clinical significance of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*27, the variants in exon 1 that are found mostly in Asians. METHODS Pharmacogenetic relationships were(More)
BACKGROUND S-1 is an oral anticancer agent that combines tegafur (FT) with 5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxypyridine (CDHP) and potassium oxonate. The recommended initial dose of S-1 is 120 mg/day for patients with a body surface area (BSA) of > or =1.5 m(2) in Japan. METHODS We examined the effects of using this fixed dose on the pharmacokinetics of FT, CDHP, and(More)
Therapeutic lipiodol lymphangiography for postoperative chyle leakage due to lymph duct damage has recently been attracting attention. Lymph duct puncture is technically complex and difficult. Lymphangiography and sclerotherapy can be easily applied by cannulation with a catheter for the neonatal central vein to the lymph duct under a microscope.
A 76-year-old woman with a history of severe mitral valve stenosis had undergone mitral valve replacement with a 27 mm St. Jude Medical (SJM) valve in 1991. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography revealed an increase in the pressure gradient across the mitral prosthesis 16 years after the surgery. Prosthetic valve dysfunction was suspected, but(More)
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