Fumiaki Marumo

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BACKGROUND A region associated with sensitivity to interferon has been identified in the nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b. The region spans amino acid residues 2209 to 2248 (NS5A2209-2248) of HCV-J, a strain of HCV-1b whose complete genomic sequence has been identified. We examined whether the NS5A2209-2248 sequence(More)
We have previously demonstrated that sensitivity to interferon is different among hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies simultaneously detected in same individuals and that interferon-resistant HCV quasispecies are selected during the treatment. To determine the genetic basis of their resistance to interferon, HCV genotype-1b was obtained from serum of three(More)
Concentrating urine is mandatory for most mammals to prevent water loss from the body. Concentrated urine is produced in response to vasopressin by the transepithelial recovery of water from the lumen of the kidney collecting tubule through highly water-permeable membranes. In this nephron segment, vasopressin regulates water permeability by endo- and(More)
We have recently reported that angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation is mainly mediated by Ca2+-dependent activation of a protein tyrosine kinase through Gq-coupled Ang II type 1 receptor in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In the present study, we found Ang II rapidly induced the tyrosine(More)
To investigate the physiological role of a kidney-specific chloride channel (ClC-K1), we sought to determine its exact localization by immunohistochemistry and its functional regulation using Xenopus oocyte expression system. The antiserum specifically recognized a 70-kD protein in SDS-PAGE of membrane protein from rat inner medulla and an in vitro(More)
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is one of the most important elements for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and screening people with higher risk of fractures. To establish the criterion value of BMD for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and to estimate the prevalence rate of osteoporosis in Japanese women, we performed a Japanese population-based osteoporosis(More)
A new member (AQP9) of the aquaporin family was identified from human leukocytes by homology cloning using PCR. A full length clone was obtained by screening human liver cDNA library. AQP9 encodes a 295-amino-acid protein with the amino acid sequence identity with AQP3 (48%), AQP7 (45%), and other aquaporins (approximately 30%), suggesting that AQP3, AQP7,(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heterogeneous cardiac disease characterized by ventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction. Recent genetic studies have revealed that mutations in genes for cardiac sarcomere components lead to DCM. The cardiac sarcomere consists of thick and thin filaments and a giant protein, titin. Because one of the loci of familial(More)
CLC-K1 is a kidney-specific chloride channel that mediates transepithelial chloride transport in the thin ascending limb of Henle's loop (tAL) in the inner medulla. Transport of NaCl in the tAL is thought to be a component of urinary concentration in a passive model of the countercurrent multiplication system, but there has been no direct evidence that(More)
Complementary DNA encoding a rat kidney chloride channel (CIC-K1) was isolated by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cloning strategy. We designed degenerate primers, based on the regions where previously cloned chloride channels (CIC-0, -1, and -2) possess significant amino acid identity, and performed reverse transcription PCR with whole kidney mRNA. The(More)