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BACKGROUND Macrosomia is a risk factor for adverse delivery outcomes. We investigated the prevalence, risk factors, and delivery outcomes of babies with macrosomia in 23 developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. METHODS We analysed data from WHO's Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health, which was a facility-based cross-sectional(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between vegetable and fruit consumption and the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a case-control study was conducted in central Japan in 2006. METHODS A total of 278 referred patients with COPD diagnosed within the past four years and 340 community-based controls undertook spirometric(More)
A case-control study was conducted in central Japan to investigate the relationship between dietary intake of folate and lung function, breathlessness and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 278 referred patients (244 men and 34 women) aged 50-75 years with COPD diagnosed within the past four years and 340 community-based controls (272(More)
PURPOSE This study ascertained the extent to which Japanese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were involved in various modes of physical activity in daily life and factors affecting their physical activity levels. METHODS Information on physical activity, demographics, and lifestyle characteristics was obtained by face-to-face(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fifth most common cause of morbidity and the sixth leading cause of death worldwide. While 95% of patients with COPD are, or have been, cigarette smokers, only 20% of smokers develop COPD. Therefore, other factors, such as dietary and environmental exposures, may protect against or contribute to the(More)
This study documented the prevalence and pattern of dietary supplements usage among older adults in Japan. Persons aged 55-75 years residing in middle and southern Japan were recruited and interviewed face-to-face on their use of dietary supplements. Among the 572 (355 male and 217 female) participants from 10 prefectures, 45.8% took supplements on a weekly(More)
The Japanese diet is high in soy products and fish. A case-control study was conducted in Japan to investigate the relationship between dietary intake of isoflavones and fatty acids and lung function, breathlessness and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 278 referred patients aged 50-75 years with COPD diagnosed within the past 4(More)
To investigate the relationship between dietary intake of minerals and the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a case-control study was conducted in central Japan. A total of 278 referred patients (244 men and 34 women) aged 50-75 years with COPD diagnosed within the past four years and 340 community-based controls undertook spirometric(More)
BACKGROUND Female genital cutting (FGC) refers to all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons. There are no known medical benefits to FGC, and it can be potentially dangerous for the health and psychological well-being of(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether caffeine intake is associated with urinary incontinence (UI) among Japanese adults. METHODS A total of 683 men and 298 women aged 40 to 75 years were recruited from the community in middle and southern Japan. A validated food frequency questionnaire was administered face-to-face to obtain information on dietary intake and(More)