Fulvio Mastrandrea

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BACKGROUND Specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) with house dust mite (HDM) preparation has recently been shown to improve eczema in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). So far, there is less data regarding efficacy and safety of specific sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in patients with AD. STUDY AIM To evaluate in an open non-controlled,(More)
BACKGROUND allergen-specific immunotherapy has proved to be effective in selected patients with IgE-mediated respiratory allergic diseases, and alternative routes of administration are being studied. Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is currently regarded as an allergic inflammatory disease. METHODS we conducted a cohort study to evaluate the safety and(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory enteropathy of the small bowel resulting from a local TH1-mediated reaction to wheat gliadins and barley, rye and oat prolamins with the development of auto-antibodies to transglutaminases. As well as for other chronic inflammatory diseases, genetic background and environmental factors participate to(More)
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease associated with increasing prevalence, morbidity, and cost in developed Western countries. Frequently associated with respiratory allergy during adulthood, atopic dermatitis often represents the first phenotypic appearance of atopy in early childhood when the allergic 'march' starts and progressively(More)
An increased traffic of circulating CD34+ Hemopoietic Precursors Cells (HPC) is an important feature of systemic allergic inflammation. Bacteria and bacterial products are capable of stimulating the transcription of the maturational cytokines IL12 and IFNs through the activation of Toll-Like-Receptor and the subsequent nuclear translocation of the NF-kappaB(More)
The current burden of allergic diseases, estimated by both direct and indirect costs, is very relevant. In fact the cost estimation for rhinitis amount globally to 4-10 billion dollars/year in the U.S. and to an average annual cost of 1089 euros per child/adolescent and 1543 euros per adult in Europe. The estimated annual costs in Northern America for(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory disease involving the skin and often other organs and systems, mainly respiratory. A definitive general consensus on the AD pathogenesis has not yet been established, however several lines of evidence suggest that T-cells play a crucial role in priming AD early-stage lesions. Main topics involved in the(More)
We have recently shown the expression of lymphoid early developmental markers, including CD104, Thy 1, CD1a, Pgp-1 and TdT, by the cells constituting atopic dermatitis skin infiltrates. To further characterize the cellular phenotypes we used an indirect immunoperoxidase assay to analyze sections from two atopic dermatitis lesion skin biopsies using the(More)
BACKGROUND Specific questionnaire and skin prick test (SPT) are the most used methods in epidemiological studies on respiratory allergy. SPT, however, can be positive in many subjects without evidence of any allergic disease. Nasal IgE determination has been suggested by some authors as a valuable diagnostic method, which may overcome this lack of(More)
We investigated by ELISA the IgE response to whole extract of the house-dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp) and to the native major allergens, Der p 1 and Der p 2, in sera from 18 adult patients (group A) with Dp-allergic asthma before (t0) and 1, 2, 3, and 4 (t1-t4) years after subcutaneous specific immunotherapy (SIT). A qualitative reduction (P(More)