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The present study was designed to address the physiological role played by cAMP on gap junction (GJ) mediated communications between oocyte and cumulus cells during in vitro maturation. Cyclic AMP was stimulated by different collection and maturation media known to induce different rates of nuclear maturation and developmental competence as well as(More)
At present, oocyte selection is mainly based upon morphological criteria but it is generally acknowledged that its reliability requires further improvement. The aim of this study was to determine whether transcript levels in cumulus cells can provide a useful marker of oocyte developmental competence in vitro. A retrospective study was performed on cumulus(More)
To examine the effects of somatic cell support on the cleavage and viability of fertilized sheep eggs, 434 pronucleate eggs were co-cultured for 3 or 6 days on oviduct cells or fibroblasts and 77 eggs were cultured in medium alone. During the first 3 days in culture 95% of the single-celled eggs cleaved regularly to non-compacted morulae on either of the(More)
Serum, gonadotrophins, growth factors, and steroid hormones stimulate the in vitro maturation (IVM) of competent oocytes, acting, directly or indirectly, upon the adenylate cyclase pathway to produce the intracellular messenger, cAMP. The intracellular levels of cAMP in cattle cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were manipulated by adding to the collection and(More)
Co-culture remains a common method to support the development of bovine embryos, derived from IVM/IVF procedures. However, the mechanism by which somatic cells confer their benefit to the developing embryo remains undetermined. This study therefore analysed the changes made to the culture medium TCM-199, used in bovine embryo co-culture systems, by somatic(More)
When mouse spermatozoa were briefly exposed in culture to radioactively labelled DNA (pSV2CAT plasmid), radioactivity could be detected by high-resolution autoradiography on the surface and within the nucleus of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa from other mammalian species (boar, bull, man) could also bind foreign DNA. With the exclusion of human spermatozoa,(More)
We investigated the effects of bovine somatotropin (bST) on mammary gland function and composition in the declining phase of lactation in goats. Sixteen Saanen goats, 180 +/- 11 days in milk (DIM), were divided equally into control and treated groups. The treated group received 120 mg/2 wk of slow-release bST for three cycles. Milk yield, milk composition,(More)
Glucose is readily been taken up and utilized by preimplantation embryos from different species. However, a comprehensive analysis of the glucose transporter expression throughout preimplantation development is still missing. Here, we have investigated the expression of facilitative glucose transporters (Glut1-5 and 8) and sodium-dependent-glucose(More)
Previous studies have identified a glycoprotein (sOP 92) that is secreted by sheep oviductal epithelium and subsequently becomes associated with developing embryos. The objective of this study was to more definitively demonstrate the localization of this protein in the oviductal epithelium of cycling ewes and in the embryos (developmental stage ranging(More)
RNA molecules and proteins are accumulated in the oocyte cytoplasm during its growth phase and are used to sustain the early phases of embryonic development before embryo DNA transcription begins. This makes the oocyte a very special cell, quite different from somatic cells where RNA and proteins usually undergo a rapid turnover. To enable the storage and(More)