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AIMS To investigate SOCS-2 (suppressor of cytokine signalling 2) protein expression in breast carcinoma samples in relation to biopathological parameters and survival. METHODS A polyclonal antibody against SOCS-2 was used to study 50 archival breast carcinoma samples, collected from 1993 to 1995. The presence of SOCS-2 protein was investigated in relation(More)
Vitexin-2-O-xyloside (XVX) from Beta vulgaris var. cicla L. (BVc) seeds, betaxanthin (R1) and betacyanin (R2) fractions from Beta vulgaris var. rubra L. (BVr) roots were combined and tested for cytotoxicity in CaCo-2 colon cancer cells. XVX was the most cytotoxic molecule, but the combination of XVX with R1 and R2 significantly prolonged its cytotoxicity.(More)
The BJ cell line which constitutively expresses herpes simplex virus 1 glycoprotein D is resistant to infection with herpes simplex viruses. Analysis of clonal lines indicated that resistance to superinfecting virus correlates with the expression of glycoprotein D. Resistance was not due to a failure of attachment to cells, since the superinfecting virus(More)
We investigated the anticancer effect of EGCG treatment on a breast carcinoma cell line resistant to tamoxifen (MCF-7Tam cells). As there are no reports about the molecular mechanisms implicated in EGCG treatment of tamoxifen resistant breast carcinoma cells, we studied the effects of EGCG treatment on three plasma membrane proteins that are involved in the(More)
The activation of the EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) signalling pathway is one of the key mechanisms underlying the development of resistance to tamoxifen in breast cancer patients. As EGCG [(-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate], the most active catechin present in green tea, has been shown to down-regulate EGFR, we studied the effects of 10-100 μg/ml(More)
We investigated the relationship between DNA ploidy and alterations in chromosomes 1, 8, 12, 16, 17, and 18 in 63 breast carcinoma samples by static cytofluorometry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Thirty specimens were diploid and 33 were aneuploid. In aneuploid samples, the DNA index value ranged from 1.3 to 3.1, with a main peak near tetraploid(More)
Cytotoxic effects of the combination of the food components vitexin-2-O-xyloside (X), raphasatin (4-methylsulphanyl-3-butenyl isothiocyanates; G) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (E) were investigated in colon (LoVo and CaCo-2) and breast (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) cancer cells. Breast cancer cells were more resistant than colon cells to X, G and E(More)
In cells infected with herpes simplex viruses the capsids acquire an envelope at the nuclear membrane and are usually found in the cytoplasm in structures bound by membranes. Infected cells also accumulate unenveloped capsids alone or juxtaposed to cytoplasmic membranes. The juxtaposed capsids have been variously interpreted as either undergoing terminal(More)
The relationship between topoisomerase II activity and ribosomal RNA synthesis was investigated using the antitumoral drug VM26, a specific inhibitor of topoisomerase II. For this purpose TG cells, a human tumor cell line, were cultured in the presence of 2.5 microM VM26 for 1 and 3 h; VM26 reduced the topoisomerase II activity, measured in whole cell(More)
We investigated c-erbB-2 oncogene amplification and over-expression in 79 invasive breast carcinoma samples using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry, with the aim of studying relationships between neoplasms over-expressing c-erbB-2 with or without amplification and bio-pathological parameters used in clinical breast cancer.(More)