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Transient transformation is simpler, more efficient and economical in analyzing protein subcellular localization than stable transformation. Fluorescent fusion proteins were often used in transient transformation to follow the in vivo behavior of proteins. Onion epidermis, which has large, living and transparent cells in a monolayer, is suitable to(More)
An optimized regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol based on whole cotyledonary node explants was developed in soybean (Glycine max) cultivar Zhong Huang 13. Adding 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in a germinating medium could significantly increase regeneration efficiency; the optimal BAP concentration for shoot formation was 0.5 mg/L.(More)
A variable index metamaterial is demonstrated by embedding nematic liquid crystal inside fishnet layers' void at microwave frequencies. With an external electric field, the left handed passband can be reversibly shifted from 9.14 to 8.80 GHz, whereas the upper right handed passband is nearly unchanged. It is shown that during LC molecular reorientation,(More)
Graphene has drawn considerable attention due to its intriguing properties in photonics and optoelectronics. However, its interaction with light is normally rather weak. Meta-surfaces, artificial structures with single planar function-layers, have demonstrated exotic performances in boosting light-matter interactions, e.g., for absorption enhancement.(More)
A new protocol was established for the regeneration of Solanum nigrum by frog egg-like bodies (FELBs), which are novel somatic embryogenesis (SE) structures induced from the root, stem, and leaf explants. The root, stem, and leaf explants (93.33%, 85.10%, and 100.00%, respectively) were induced to form special embryonic calli on Murashige and Skoog (MS)(More)
Negative-zero-positive index refraction was demonstrated numerically on the basis of full-wave analysis of a microstructured omega-type array and experimentally via angle resolved transmission measurement of a prism-type prototype. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of characteristic impedance and refractive index retrieved by a Fresnel(More)
The tunability of an omega-type left handed metamaterial was demonstrated at microwave frequencies via the magnetic control of liquid crystal (LC) orientation. From the experimental and simulation results, it is shown that the left handed pass-band can be tuned by 220 MHz by changing the orientation of LC molecules by 90 degrees. A maximum index variation(More)
A full-length cDNA (SsFAD3) for an omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (omega-3 FAD) was cloned from Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb. using rapid amplification of cDNA ends and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction methods. SsFAD3 contained a 1119-bp open reading frame encoding a 372-amino acid polypeptide. The genomic sequence region of the SsFAD3 ORF was(More)
Coherent perfect absorber (CPA) was proposed as the time-reversed counterpart to laser: a resonator containing lossy medium instead of gain medium can absorb the coherent optical fields completely. Here, we exploit a monolayer graphene to realize the CPA in a nonresonant manner. It is found that quasi-CPA point exists in the terahertz regime for suspending(More)
We performed a case-control study to investigate the associations between seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the acylphosphatase 2 (ACYP2) gene and breast cancer (BC) risk in a Han Chinese population. There were 183 BC cases and 195 healthy controls included in the study. The SNPs were genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. Logistic(More)