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A large number of cis-regulatory sequences have been annotated in the human genome, but defining their target genes remains a challenge. One strategy is to identify the long-range looping interactions at these elements with the use of chromosome conformation capture (3C)-based techniques. However, previous studies lack either the resolution or coverage to(More)
We report the identification of 67 previously undescribed histone modifications, increasing the current number of known histone marks by about 70%. We further investigated one of the marks, lysine crotonylation (Kcr), confirming that it represents an evolutionarily-conserved histone posttranslational modification. The unique structure and genomic(More)
With the advent of complete genome sequences, large-scale functional analyses are generating new excitement in biology and medicine. To facilitate genomewide functional analyses, we developed a high-density cell array with quantitative and automated readout of cell fitness. Able to print at > x 10 higher density on a standard microtiter plate area than(More)
The TOR (target of rapamycin) proteins play important roles in nutrient signaling in eukaryotic cells. Rapamycin treatment induces a state reminiscent of the nutrient starvation response, often resulting in growth inhibition. Using a chemical genetic modifier screen, we identified two classes of small molecules, small-molecule inhibitors of rapamycin(More)
Unraveling the complexity of transcriptional programs coded by different cell types has been one of the central goals of cell biology. By using genome-wide location analysis, we examined how two different cell types generate different responses to the NF-κB signaling pathway. We showed that, after TNF-α treatment, the NF-κB p65 subunit binds to distinct(More)
The pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is maintained by a small group of master transcription factors including Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog. These core factors form a regulatory circuit controlling the transcription of a number of pluripotency factors including themselves. Although previous studies have identified transcriptional regulators of this core(More)
The generation of large-scale data sets is a fundamental requirement of systems biology. But despite recent advances, generation of such high-coverage data remains a major challenge. We developed a pooling-deconvolution strategy that can dramatically decrease the effort required. This strategy, pooling with imaginary tags followed by deconvolution(More)
We present here a new two-hybrid smart pool array (SPA) system in which, instead of individual activation domain strains, well-designed activation domain pools are screened in an array format that allows built-in replication and prey-bait deconvolution. Using this method, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome SPA increases yeast two-hybrid screening efficiency(More)
CBX5, CBX1, and CBX3 (HP1α, β, and γ, respectively) play an evolutionarily conserved role in the formation and maintenance of heterochromatin. In addition, CBX5, CBX1, and CBX3 may also participate in transcriptional regulation of genes. Recently, CBX3 binding to the bodies of a subset of genes has been observed in human and murine cells. However, the(More)
In mammals, cytosine methylation (5mC) is widely distributed throughout the genome but is notably depleted from active promoters and enhancers. While the role of DNA methylation in promoter silencing has been well documented, the function of this epigenetic mark at enhancers remains unclear. Recent experiments have demonstrated that enhancers are enriched(More)