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The mammalian ovary is an extremely dynamic organ in which a large majority of follicles are effectively eliminated throughout their reproductive life. Due to the numerous efforts of researchers, mechanisms regulating follicular growth and atresia in mammalian ovaries have been clarified, not only their systemic regulation by hormones (gonadotropins) but(More)
In mitochondrion-dependent type II apoptosis, BH3-interacting domain death agonist (BID) and BCL-2-associated X protein (BAX) promote death ligand and receptor-mediated cell death. In porcine ovaries, the levels of BID and BAX increase in follicular granulosa cells during atresia. In the present study, to confirm the pro-apoptotic activity of BID and BAX in(More)
'Human Immunoglobulin Heavy Variable Genes', the fourth report of the 'IMGT Locus on Focus' section, comprises five tables entitled: (1) 'Number of human germline IGHV genes at 14q32.33 and potential repertoire'; (2) 'Human germline IGHV genes at 14q32.33'; (3) 'Human IGHV orphons on chromosome 15 (15q11.2)'; (4) 'Human IGHV orphons on chromosome 16(More)
The apoptosis inhibitory ligand (Netrin-1) and its receptor (p53-regulated receptor for death and life: p53RDL1) play an important role in the regulation of selective apoptosis. When Netrin-1 binds to p53RDL1, p53-dependent apoptosis is inhibited. We identified porcine (Sus scrofa) cDNAs encoding Netrin-1 [pNetrin-1; 1,803 base pairs (bp) and 600 amino(More)
A luteinising hormone (LH) surge is fundamental to the induction of ovulation in mammalian females. The administration of a preovulatory level of oestrogen evokes an LH surge in ovariectomised females, whereas the response to oestrogen in castrated males differs among species; namely, the LH surge-generating system is sexually differentiated in some species(More)
In mammalian ovaries, most follicles are lost by atresia before ovulation. It has become apparent that the apoptosis of granulosa cells induces follicular atresia. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3), also called FKHRL1 (forkhead in rhabdomyosarcoma-like 1), is a proapoptotic molecule that belongs to the FOXO subfamily of forkhead transcription factors. Foxo3-deficient(More)
In the mammalian ovary, more than 99% of follicles degenerate without ovulation and few oocytes ovulate and succeed to the next generation. Granulosa cell apoptosis plays a critical role in this process, follicular atresia. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for the regulation of granulosa cell apoptosis have not been clarified. Death ligand and(More)
More than 99% of follicles in mammalian ovaries undergo atresia, but the mechanisms regulating the strict selection process are still unclear. Granulosa cell apoptosis is considered the trigger of follicular atresia, which occurs in advance of the death of an oocyte. Cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (cFLIP), a homologue of procaspase-8 (also called(More)
Follicular selection predominantly depends on granulosa cell apoptosis in porcine ovaries, but the molecular mechanisms regulating the induction of apoptosis in granulosa cells during follicular selection remain incompletely understood. To determine the role of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), which suppresses caspase-3, -7 and -9 activities(More)
Kisspeptin is a key molecule that stimulates gonadotropin secretion via release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). In the present study, our aim was to investigate whether kisspeptin has stimulatory effects on follicular development via GnRH/gonadotropin secretion in cows. Japanese Black beef cows were intravenously injected with full-length bovine(More)