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The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized method for detection of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. We have proposed a new false positive reduction scheme, which consisted of a rule-based method, a level set method, and a support vector machine. We applied the proposed method to 49 slices selected from 6(More)
It has been reported that the severity of subcortical vascular dementia (VaD) correlated with an area ratio of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) regions to the brain parenchyma (WMH area ratio). The purpose of this study was to develop a computer-aided evaluation method of WMH regions for diagnosis of subcortical VaD based on magnetic resonance (MR) images.(More)
It is known that the performance of liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors, such as the luminance and contrast ratio, is dependent on the viewing angle. Our purpose in this study was to compare the angular performance and the effect on observer performance of different types of LCD monitors. The luminance performance and contrast ratio as a function of(More)
PURPOSE Brain tissue segmentation based on diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) data has been attempted by previous researchers. Due to inherent low spatial resolution of DT-MRI data, conventional methods suffered from partial volume averaging among the different types of tissues, which may result in inaccurate segmentation results. The(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Conventional tractography based on the "streamline" method only partially visualizes the pyramidal tract because of fiber crossing with other white matter tracts. Recently a new tractography method based on directional diffusion function (DDF) has been proposed. This method was reported to visualize the pyramidal tract to a larger(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES An automated method for identification of patients with cerebral atrophy due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our proposed method consisted of determination of atrophic image features and identification of AD patients. The(More)
Our purpose in this study was to develop an automated segmentation scheme for multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in magnetic resonance images using an artificial neural network (ANN)-controlled level-set method. Forty-nine slices with T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images were selected from six examinations of three MS(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized method for estimation of the location of a lung tumor in cine images on an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) without implanted markers during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Each tumor region was segmented in the first EPID cine image, i.e., reference portal image, based on a multiple-gray(More)
Most computer-aided diagnosis systems for Alzheimer's disease (AD) using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were based on morphological image features, not functional image features, which would be also useful for diagnosis of AD. The aim of this study was to develop a computer-aided classification system for AD patients based on functional image features(More)
We have developed a computerized method for estimating patient setup errors in portal images based on localized pelvic templates for prostate cancer radiotherapy. The patient setup errors were estimated based on a template-matching technique that compared the portal image and a localized pelvic template image with a clinical target volume produced from a(More)