Fukai Toyofuku

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The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized method for detection of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. We have proposed a new false positive reduction scheme, which consisted of a rule-based method, a level set method, and a support vector machine. We applied the proposed method to 49 slices selected from 6(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES An automated method for identification of patients with cerebral atrophy due to Alzheimer's disease (AD) was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our proposed method consisted of determination of atrophic image features and identification of AD patients. The(More)
It has been reported that the severity of subcortical vascular dementia (VaD) correlated with an area ratio of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) regions to the brain parenchyma (WMH area ratio). The purpose of this study was to develop a computer-aided evaluation method of WMH regions for diagnosis of subcortical VaD based on magnetic resonance (MR) images.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the physical imaging properties and detection of simulated microcalcifications of a new computed radiography (CR) system with a pixel size of 50 microm for digital mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS New and conventional CR were employed in this study. The new CR system included a high-resolution imaging plate coupled with the(More)
Our purpose in this study was to examine the potential usefulness of liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors having the capability of rendering higher than 8 bits in display-bit depth. An LCD monitor having the capability of rendering 8, 10, and 12 bits was used. It was calibrated to the grayscale standard display function with a maximum luminance of 450(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Conventional tractography based on the "streamline" method only partially visualizes the pyramidal tract because of fiber crossing with other white matter tracts. Recently a new tractography method based on directional diffusion function (DDF) has been proposed. This method was reported to visualize the pyramidal tract to a larger(More)
The escape phenomenon is characteristic of osteoclastic bone resorption in organ cultures, and calcitonin only trasiently inhibits parathyroid hormone (PTH)-stimulated resorption. The present study demonstrated that the transient inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption, a phenomenon reminiscent of escape, occurs in the bones of calcitonin (ECT)-treated(More)
PURPOSE Brain tissue segmentation based on diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI) data has been attempted by previous researchers. Due to inherent low spatial resolution of DT-MRI data, conventional methods suffered from partial volume averaging among the different types of tissues, which may result in inaccurate segmentation results. The(More)
Diffusion tensor (DT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides the directional information of local neuronal fibers, and has been used to estimate the neuroanatomical connectivity in the cerebral white matter. Several methods for white matter tractography have been developed based on DT-MRI. However, it has been difficult to estimate the white matter tract(More)
It is known that the performance of liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors, such as the luminance and contrast ratio, is dependent on the viewing angle. Our purpose in this study was to compare the angular performance and the effect on observer performance of different types of LCD monitors. The luminance performance and contrast ratio as a function of(More)