Fujio Toki

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BACKGROUND Skin fibroblast heterogeneity is of growing interest due to its relevance in not only skin development but also cutaneous wound healing. However, the characterization of human dermal fibroblasts at a clonal level has not been accomplished and their functional heterogeneity remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to define(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor/ligand system stimulates multiple pathways of signal transduction, and is activated by various extracellular stimuli and inter-receptor crosstalk signaling. Aberrant activation of EGF receptor (EGFR) signaling is found in many tumor cells, and humanized neutralizing antibodies and synthetic small compounds against(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is initially synthesized as a type I transmembrane protein (proHB-EGF). The proHB-EGF is shed by specific metalloproteases, releasing the N-terminal fragment into the extracellular space as a soluble growth factor (HB-EGF) and the C-terminal fragment (HB-EGF-C) into the intracellular space, where it prevents(More)
BACKGROUND A pathway consisting of bombesin, G-protein coupling receptors (GPCRs), metalloproteases, pro-heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (proHB-EGF), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been reported in prostate cancer cells. The occurrence of HB-EGF shedding from proHB-EGF in this pathway, however, has not been proven directly. In(More)
Cultured human epidermal keratinocyte stem cells (holoclones) are crucial for regenerative medicine for burns and genetic disorders. In serial culture, holoclones progressively lose their proliferative capacity to become transient amplifying cells with limited growth (paraclones), a phenomenon termed clonal conversion. Although it negatively impacts the(More)
Image-based identification of cultured stem cells and noninvasive evaluation of their proliferative capacity advance cell therapy and stem cell research. Here we demonstrate that human keratinocyte stem cells can be identified in situ by analyzing cell motion during their cultivation. Modeling experiments suggested that the clonal type of cultured human(More)
The development of an appropriate procedure for lentiviral gene transduction into keratinocyte stem cells is crucial for stem cell biology and regenerative medicine for genetic disorders of the skin. However, there is little information available on the efficiency of lentiviral transduction into human keratinocyte stem/progenitor cells and the effects of(More)
Three new carotenoids with a 3-methoxy-5-keto-5,6-seco-4,6-cyclo-beta end group (1-3) have been isolated from the seeds of Pittosporum tobira. Their structures were elucidated by detailed analyses of nuclear magnetic resonance and UV data.
Ex vivo maintenance and expansion and subsequent transplantation of adult stem cells are indispensable for successful cell therapy of self-renewing tissues, such as the epidermis and cornea epithelium. Adult stem cells maintain their stem cell properties throughout cell culture. After transplantation, they permanently engraft, self-renew, and properly(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is initially synthesized as a type I transmembrane precursor (proHB-EGF). Proteolytic cleavage of proHB-EGF yields amino- and carboxy-terminal fragments (HB-EGF and HB-EGF-C, respectively). We have previously shown that HB-EGF-C is translocated from the plasma membrane into the nucleus, where it interacts with(More)