Fujimi Kinoshita

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Attempts were made to isolate and identify the unit chemical structure essential for manifestation of the immunoadjuvant activities characteristic of bacterial cell walls. The N-acetylmuramyl-peptide subunit monomers, Nalpha-(N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutaminyl)-Nepsilon-(glycylglycyl)-L-lysyl-D-alanine from the cell walls of Staphylococcus aureus (FDA(More)
The effect of intraventricular administration of dynorphin-(1-13) on luteinizing hormone (LH) release was studied in castrated conscious rats. The administration of 5 micrograms of dynorphin-(1-13) into the lateral ventricle inhibited LH secretion. Intravenous administration of naloxone blocked this suppressive effect of dynorphin on LH release. These(More)
Thirteen 6-O-acyl-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamines (6-O-acyl-MDPs), including four inactive D-isoasparagine and L-isoglutamine analogs, were tested for their pyrogenicity and immunopotentiating activity to stimulate primary humoral and cellular immune responses in guinea pigs to a model protein antigen, ovalbumin, when administered in various(More)
In order to assess the effect of steroid on thallium-201 uptake by glioma, 201Tl single-photon emission tomography was performed before and after steroid administration in four patients with recurrent malignant glioma. After steroid administration the 201Tl index, expressed as the ratio of 201Tl uptake in the tumour to that in the contralateral cerebral(More)
A variety of N-acetylmuramyl-peptides (or -amino acids) were prepared by condensation of benzyl N-acetyl-4, 6-O-brnzylidene-alpha-muramide with various peptide (or amino acid) benzyl esters by the dicyclohexylcarbodiimide--N-hydroxysuccinimide or ethylchlorocarbonate--N-methylmorpholine method and removal of the protecting groups by hyderogenolysis.(More)
The effects of phenoxybenzamine an alpha-adrenergic blocker, propranolol a beta-adrenergic blocker, and diethyldithiocarbamate a noradrenaline synthesis inhibitor, on the LH increase induced by naloxone an opiate antagonist, was investigated in 25 day old female rats. Pretreatment with phenoxybenzamine or diethyldithiocarbamate suppressed the LH increase(More)
The cell walls from several bacterial species whose peptidoglycans are the group B types (Schleifer and Kandler) and those of two arthrobacters were shown to be inactive or only weakly active as an immunoadjuvant in both induction of delayed-type hypersensitivity and stimulation of circulating antibody levels to ovalbumin when administered to guinea pigs as(More)
The effects of inhibitors of polyamine synthesis on the invasive capacity of rat ascites hepatoma (LC-AH) cells were examined by in vitro assay of penetration of the LC-AH cells through a monolayer of calf pulmonary arterial endothelial (CPAE) cells. Pretreatment of LC-AH cells with alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an inhibitor of ornithine(More)
The effect of intraventricular administration of prostaglandin (PG)D2 on pulsatile LH release was studied in castrated conscious rats. The administration of 5 micrograms of PGD2 into the lateral ventricle inhibited pulsatile discharge of LH secretion, in contrast to the stimulatory effect of PGE2. Intraventricular administration of(More)