Fujiko Kitamura

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The mechanisms that underlie Th1/Th2 differentiation of human T cells are incompletely defined. In the present study, a panel of human T-cell clones was used to elucidate the relationship between Th1/Th2-specific transcription factors and cytokine production in human helper T cells. The mRNA expression level of T-bet, a Th1-specific transcription factor,(More)
The NFAT family transcription factors play crucial roles in immunological and other biological events; however, the functional differences among NFAT members have not been fully elucidated. This study investigated the relative contribution of NFATc2 and NFATc1 to the transactivation of cytokine genes in T cells. Ectopic expression of NFATc2 but not NFATc1,(More)
The functional role of C-terminal binding protein (CtBP)1, a transcriptional corepressor, in Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression in human T cells was investigated. Upon introduction of CtBP1 by lentiviral transduction system, IL-4 synthesis was suppressed but IFN-gamma was weakly up-regulated in human CD4(+) T cells. In contrast, a reduction of endogenously(More)
The antigen receptor gene rearrangement at a given locus is tightly regulated with respect to cell lineage and developmental stage by an ill-defined mechanism. To study the possible role of precursor B cell antigen receptor (pre-BCR) signaling in the regulation of the ordered immu-noglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement during B cell differentiation, a newly(More)
BACKGROUND Downregulation of a Th2 cytokine, IL-4, by a Th1-specific transcription factor, T-bet, has been demonstrated. However, the regulatory role of T-bet in another Th2 cytokine, IL-13, is not fully delineated. METHODS IL-13 mRNA expression in Jurkat cells was examined by quantitative RT-PCR, while the transcriptional activity of 5'-flanking region(More)
BACKGROUND Regardless of T(H)1/T(H)2 theory, CD4(+) T cells of patients with allergic asthma, a typical T(H)2 disease, and those of healthy subjects expressed equivalent levels of IFN-gamma, even though T(H)2 cytokines were significantly upregulated in asthmatic patients. OBJECTIVE The mechanisms underlying distorted T(H)2 cell polarization in human T(More)
BACKGROUND Helper T cells and T cell cytokines play central roles in allergic disorders including bronchial asthma. We reported enhanced IL-5 production by peripheral blood T cells of asthmatic patients. A transcription factor, GATA-3, has been implicated in IL-5 gene expression. This study was undertaken to clarify the role of GATA-3 in the upregulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Among several C-terminal binding proteins (CtBPs), friend of GATA (FOG) has been implicated in the down-regulation of GATA-3-mediated Th2 cell differentiation. Here we investigated the role of CtBP2 in Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression in human T cells. METHODS CtBP2 was introduced into human peripheral CD4+ T cells by a lentiviral transduction(More)
The effects of selective CC chemokine receptor (CCR)-3 antagonists on antigen-induced leukocyte accumulation in the lungs of mice adoptively transferred with in vitro-differentiated T(h)1 and T(h)2 were investigated. Inhalation of antigen by mice injected with T(h)1 and T(h)2 initiated the migration of T cells themselves into the lungs. Subsequently,(More)
For quantitative evaluation of the relationship between biological binding partners, including protein-protein interactions, a novel analyzing system, amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay (ALPHA), has been developed. We here employed ALPHA for accurate assessment of the binding properties between nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFAT1)(More)