Fujiko Kitamura

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We have established transgenic mice that carry the genes coding for heavy and light chains of TNP-specific IgE. They produced high titers of TNP-specific IgE (20-40 microg/ml in serum) and their mast cells were heavily loaded with IgE. The level of FcepsilonRI expression on their mast cells was 6-8 times higher than that in non-transgenic littermates. The(More)
The interleukin 2 receptor beta chain (IL-2R beta) is preferentially expressed in natural killer (NK) cells, but is not detected in a majority of resting T and B cells. We recently established a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) to murine IL-2R beta and examined in vivo the effect of the mAb in mice. We found that intraperitoneal injection of the anti-IL-2R(More)
Calpains constitute a superfamily of Ca2+-dependent cysteine proteases, indispensable for various cellular processes. Among the 15 mammalian calpains, calpain 8/nCL-2 and calpain 9/nCL-4 are predominantly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and are restricted to the gastric surface mucus (pit) cells in the stomach. Possible functions reported for(More)
Calpain represents a family of Ca(2+)-dependent cytosolic cysteine proteases found in almost all eukaryotes and some bacteria, and is involved in a variety of biological phenomena, including brain function. Several substrates of calpain are aggressively proteolyzed under pathological conditions, e.g., in neurodegenerating processes, fodrin is proteolyzed by(More)
The effects of selective CC chemokine receptor (CCR)-3 antagonists on antigen-induced leukocyte accumulation in the lungs of mice adoptively transferred with in vitro-differentiated T(h)1 and T(h)2 were investigated. Inhalation of antigen by mice injected with T(h)1 and T(h)2 initiated the migration of T cells themselves into the lungs. Subsequently,(More)
The antigen receptor gene rearrangement at a given locus is tightly regulated with respect to cell lineage and developmental stage by an ill-defined mechanism. To study the possible role of precursor B cell antigen receptor (pre-BCR) signaling in the regulation of the ordered immu-noglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement during B cell differentiation, a newly(More)
The antigen receptor gene rearrangement at a given locus is tightly regulated with respect to cell lineage and developmental stage by an ill-defined mechanism. To study the possible role of precursor B cell antigen receptor (pre-BCR) signaling in the regulation of the ordered immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement during B cell differentiation, a newly(More)
Calpains are intracellular Ca(2+)-regulated cysteine proteases that are essential for various cellular functions. Mammalian conventional calpains (calpain-1 and calpain-2) modulate the structure and function of their substrates by limited proteolysis. Thus, it is critically important to determine the site(s) in proteins at which calpains cleave. However,(More)
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