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Methamphetamine and methcathinone are psychostimulant drugs with high potential for abuse. In animals, methamphetamine and related drugs are known to damage brain dopamine (DA) neurons, and this damage has recently been shown to be detectable in living nonhuman primates by means of positron emission tomography (PET) with [11C]WIN-35,428, a DA transporter(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopaminergic abnormalities in frontal-subcortical circuits have been hypothesized as the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism in Tourette's syndrome. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that presynaptic dopamine release from the striatum is abnormal in adults with Tourette's syndrome. METHOD Seven adults with Tourette's(More)
A radiosynthetic method to prepare the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor radioligand (S)-5-[123I]iodo-3-(2-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine, 5-IA, has been developed. The two-step sequence produced [123I]-5-IA in high radiochemical yield (52%), high radiochemical purity (98%), and high specific radioactivities (> 8,500 mCi/mumol). Preliminary single photon(More)
A column-switch high performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of 4 mL of plasma is described with six examples of chromatography of [(11)C]-labeled positron-emission tomography imaging agents. Complete extraction of all but the most polar metabolites by the reverse phase capture column is achieved by disruption of plasma protein binding by(More)
Aripiprazole (OPC 14597) is an antipsychotic drug that has high affinity for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors and the dopamine autoreceptor. It is being developed for treatment of patients with schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a dose response following graduated doses of aripiprazole could be quantified and correlated with its(More)
Major neurochemical effects of methamphetamine include release of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), and norepinephrine (NE) via a carrier-mediated exchange mechanism. Preclinical research supports the hypothesis that elevations of mesolimbic DA mediate the addictive and reinforcing effects of methamphetamine and amphetamine. This hypothesis has not been(More)
MDL 100,907 is a potent and selective antagonist of 5-HT2A serotonin receptors. Animal studies suggest that MDL 100,907 may behave as an atypical antipsychotic drug. Positron emission tomograph (PET) using [11C]NMSP as the radiotracer was used to define the time course of 5-HT2 receptor occupancy in the human frontal cerebral cortex after a single oral dose(More)
Dopamine (DA) deficiency has been implicated in Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND), a genetic disorder that is characterized by hyperuricemia, choreoathetosis, dystonia, and compulsive self-injury. To establish that DA deficiency is present in LND, the ligand WIN-35,428, which binds to DA transporters, was used to estimate the density of DA-containing neurons in the(More)
Plastid 70S ribosomes were prepared from heterotrophic cultured cells of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, BY2), and the 5' termini of the 16S rRNA molecules present in the ribosomes were analyzed. RNase protection and primer extension experiments showed that a minor fraction of the 16S rRNA species carries a leader sequence of 30 nucleotides, coinciding with a(More)
The 50 S subunit of chloroplast ribosomes was prepared from tobacco leaves. The proteins were fractionated and the N-terminal amino acid sequence of a 14 kDa protein was determined. This sequence matches the N-terminal sequence deduced from ORF55 located between ndhF and trnL on the small single-copy region of tobacco chloroplast DNA. The deduced protein(More)