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We showed previously that 218 and 110 bp N gene segments of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) that were fused to the non-target green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene were able to confer resistance to TSWV via post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). N gene segments expressed alone did not confer resistance. Apparently, the GFP DNA induced PTGS that(More)
Phalaenopsis orchids are popular ornamentals all over the world. A tospovirus, capsicum chlorosis virus (CaCV-Ph) had been identified as the cause of chlorotic ringspots on leaves of Phalaenopsis orchids in Taiwan. The tripartite genome of CaCV-Ph was found to contain 3608, 4848 and 8916 nt of S, M and L RNAs, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the RNA genome of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) was determined from four overlapping cDNA clones and by direct sequencing of viral RNA. The genomic RNA is 10326 nucleotides in length, excluding the poly(A) tract, and contains one large open reading frame that starts at nucleotide positions 86 to 88 and ends at positions(More)
RNA-mediated virus resistance has recently been shown to be the result of post-transcriptional transgene silencing in transgenic plants. This study was undertaken to characterize the effect of transgene length and nontarget DNA sequences on RNA-mediated tospovirus resistance in transgenic plants. Transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana plants were generated to(More)
Three transgenic lines of squash hemizygous for the coat protein genes of squash mosaic virus (SqMV) were shown previously to have resistant (SqMV-127), susceptible (SqMV-22) or recovery (SqMV-3) phenotypes. Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) was the underlying mechanism for resistance of SqMV-127. Here, experiments conducted to determine the(More)
Acidic fibroblast growth factor from newt (Notopthalmus viridescens) is a approximately 15-kDa, all beta-sheet protein devoid of disulfide bonds. In the present study, we investigate the effects of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) on the structure of newt acidic fibroblast growth factor (nFGF-1). The protein aggregates maximally in 10% (v/v) TFE. Congo red and(More)
ABSTRACT A nonpathogenic mild strain is essential for control of plant viruses by cross protection. Three amino acid changes, Arg(180)-->Ile(180) (GA mutation), Phe(205)-->Leu(205) (GB mutation), and Glu(396)-->Asn(396) (GC mutation), of the conserved motifs of the helper component-protease (HC-Pro) of a severe strain TW-TN3 of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus(More)
Cell surfaces of three nonencapsulated and three encapsulated coagulase-negative staphylococci were characterized by their surface free energies, zeta potentials, and elemental and molecular compositions. Surface free energies were calculated from contact angle measurements with various liquids. All six strains showed a high surface free energy (103 to 126(More)
We showed previously that transgenic plants with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene fused to segments of the nucleocapsid (N) gene of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) displayed post-transcriptional gene silencing of the GFP and N gene segments and resistance to TSWV. These results suggested that a chimeric transgene composed of viral gene segments(More)
Tomato leaf curl Taiwan virus (ToLCTWV) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) are two major tomato viruses that cause serious economic losses. In this study, a partial C2 gene from ToLCTWV and the middle half of the N gene of TSWV were fused as a chimeric transgene to develop multiple virus resistance in transgenic plants. This construct was introduced into(More)