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1. The dynamic and kinetic interactions of alcohol and caffeine were studied in a double-blind, placebo controlled, cross-over trial. Treatments were administered to eight healthy subjects in four experimental sessions, leaving a 1 week wash-out period between each, as follows: 1) placebo, 2) alcohol (0.8 g kg-1), 3) caffeine (400 mg) and 4) alcohol (0.8 g(More)
Previous studies using the turning behavior animal model have shown both increases and decreases in rotational behavior following successive administrations of dopamine agonists. To clarify the results obtained with this model, we studied the variability of rotational behavior after repeated challenges with low doses of apomorphine (0.05 mg/kg) at different(More)
We present evidence showing that paraxanthine (1,7-dimethylxanthine), the main metabolite of caffeine in man, displaces the binding of [3H]SCH 23390, a radioligand which selectively labels dopamine D-1 receptors when used at low concentrations, from striatal membranes of the rat. The displacement was competitive and indicated the existence of two affinity(More)
The contralateral rotational behaviour produced by apomorphine and caffeine has been studied in 100 rats with unilateral lesion of the nigrostriatal pathway induced with 6-OHDA. Rats with a two-peak rotational pattern induced by apomorphine, showed a greater number of contralateral turns, induced by apomorphine and caffeine, than rats which did not show(More)
Apomorphine and amphetamine-induced rotational behaviour in 310 rats with a unilateral 6-OHDA nigrostriatal pathway lesion has been studied. Animals presenting an apomorphine-induced contralateral rotation with a "two-peak" pattern, showed a greater number of contralateral turns induced by apomorphine and fewer ipsilateral turns induced by amphetamine than(More)
This study investigated whether methylxanthines (caffeine and theophylline) would restore food and water intake in rats made aphagic and adipsic by bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the nigrostriatal bundle, and these results were compared with the effects of d-amphetamine, the dopamine D(1) agonist SKF 38393, and the D(2/3) agonist quinpirole. In a(More)
Utilizing computer-assisted quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (EEG) in combination with certain statistical procedures and under specific design conditions, it is possible to objectively evaluate the functional bioavailability of psychotropic substances in the target organ: the human brain. Specifically, one may determine whether a drug is(More)
The present study examined the effects of repeated co-administrations of caffeine and bromocriptine for 9 consecutive days on contralateral turning in unilateral nigrostriatal 6-hydroxydopamine denervated rats. In agreement with previous data, our results showed that on the first administration, both caffeine and bromocriptine injected plus saline produced(More)
Watermelon, an important fruit crop worldwide, is prone to attack by several viruses that often results in destructive yield loss. To develop a transgenic watermelon resistant to multiple virus infection, a single chimeric transgene comprising a silencer DNA from the partial N gene of Watermelon silver mottle virus (WSMoV) fused to the partial coat protein(More)