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The approach of pathogen-derived resistance was investigated as a means to develop squash mosaic comovirus (SqMV)-resistant cucurbits. Transgenic squash lines with both coat protein (CP) genes of the melon strain of SqMV were produced and crossed with nontransgenic squash. Further greenhouse, screenhouse and field tests were done with R1 plants from three(More)
Phalaenopsis orchids are popular ornamentals all over the world. A tospovirus, capsicum chlorosis virus (CaCV-Ph) had been identified as the cause of chlorotic ringspots on leaves of Phalaenopsis orchids in Taiwan. The tripartite genome of CaCV-Ph was found to contain 3608, 4848 and 8916 nt of S, M and L RNAs, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the(More)
A reproducible and effective biolistic method for transforming papaya (Carica papaya L.) was developed with a transformation-regeneration system that targeted a thin layer of embryogenic tissue. The key factors in this protocol included: 1) spreading of young somatic embryo tissue that arose directly from excised immature zygotic embryos, followed by(More)
Oriental melon plants, Cucumis melo var. makuwa cv. Silver Light, showing virus-induced symptoms of mosaic, leaf curl and puckering were observed in the fields of eastern Taiwan in 2007. A virus culture, designated as SL-1, isolated from the diseased melon was established in systemic host plants, Nicotiana benthamiana and oriental melon, by mechanical(More)
A putative virus-induced disease showing chlorotic ringspots on leaves of Phalaenopsis orchids has been observed in Taiwan for several years. A virus culture, 91-orchid-1, isolated from a Phalaenopsis orchid bearing chlorotic ringspot symptoms was established in Chenopodium quinoa and Nicotiana benthamiana, and characterized serologically and biologically.(More)
ABSTRACT A nonpathogenic mild strain is essential for control of plant viruses by cross protection. Three amino acid changes, Arg(180)-->Ile(180) (GA mutation), Phe(205)-->Leu(205) (GB mutation), and Glu(396)-->Asn(396) (GC mutation), of the conserved motifs of the helper component-protease (HC-Pro) of a severe strain TW-TN3 of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus(More)
Acidic fibroblast growth factor from newt (Notopthalmus viridescens) is a approximately 15-kDa, all beta-sheet protein devoid of disulfide bonds. In the present study, we investigate the effects of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) on the structure of newt acidic fibroblast growth factor (nFGF-1). The protein aggregates maximally in 10% (v/v) TFE. Congo red and(More)
A new disorder exhibiting flower crinkle on Phalaenopsis orchids bearing white flowers has been observed in Taiwan, China and Japan for several years. This disorder decreased the flower longevity and was considered as a physiological syndrome. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the real causal agent of this new Phalaenopsis(More)
Tomato leaf curl Taiwan virus (ToLCTWV) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) are two major tomato viruses that cause serious economic losses. In this study, a partial C2 gene from ToLCTWV and the middle half of the N gene of TSWV were fused as a chimeric transgene to develop multiple virus resistance in transgenic plants. This construct was introduced into(More)
Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) HA 5-1, a nitrous acid-induced mild mutant of severe strain HA, widely applied for control of PRSV by cross-protection, was used to study the genetic basis of attenuation. Using infectious clones, a series of recombinants was generated between HA 5-1 and HA and their infectivity was analyzed on the systemic host papaya and the(More)