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Fluctuation in proline content is a widespread phenomenon among plants in response to heavy metal stress. To distinguish between the participation of water deficit and copper on changes in proline metabolism, potted plants and floating leaf discs of tobacco were subjected to CuSO4 treatments. The application of copper increased the proline content in the(More)
Watermelon, an important fruit crop worldwide, is prone to attack by several viruses that often results in destructive yield loss. To develop a transgenic watermelon resistant to multiple virus infection, a single chimeric transgene comprising a silencer DNA from the partial N gene of Watermelon silver mottle virus (WSMoV) fused to the partial coat protein(More)
Pear leaf scorch, the only Xylella fastidiosa-induced disease reported from Taiwan, was found in area where the variety Hengshan (Pyrus pyrifolia) was grown. Strains of pear leaf scorch Xyl. fastidiosa (XF-PLS) shared similarities to strains of other host origins in the requirement of complex medium and the exhibition of rippled cell walls, however, recent(More)
Tomato-infecting begomoviruses, a member of whitefly-transmitted geminivirus, cause the most devastating virus disease complex of cultivated tomato crops in the tropical and subtropical regions. Numerous strategies have been used to engineer crops for their resistance to geminiviruses. However, nearly all have concentrated on engineering the(More)
A better understanding of virus resistance mechanisms can offer more effective strategies to control virus diseases. Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV), Potyviridae, causes severe economical losses in papaya and cucurbit production worldwide. However, no resistance gene against PRSV has been identified to date. This study aimed to identify candidate PRSV(More)
Pepper chlorotic spot virus (PCSV), newly found in Taiwan, was identified as a new tospovirus based on the molecular characterization of its S RNA. In this study, the complete M and L RNA sequences of PCSV were determined. The M RNA has 4795 nucleotides (nts), encoding the NSm protein of 311 aa (34.5 kDa) in the viral (v) strand and the glycoprotein(More)
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