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Many previous neuroimaging studies have shown that the early visual cortex of the early blind (EB) exhibits significant functional plasticity. However, only few previous studies have addressed the question whether or not such functional plasticity is accompanied by, and even related to, structural plasticity. In this study, we acquired high-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND Internet addiction disorder (IAD) is currently becoming a serious mental health issue around the globe. Previous studies regarding IAD were mainly focused on associated psychological examinations. However, there are few studies on brain structure and function about IAD. In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate white(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Normal-appearing brain tissue (NABT) damage was established in multiple sclerosis by histology, MR spectroscopy, magnetization transfer imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). However, whether this phenomenon can be detected in relapsing neuromyelitis optica (RNMO) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to use DTI to(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal macrostructural brain abnormalities in both gray matter and white matter have been reported in cigarette smokers. However, less is known about white matter microstructure in heavy cigarette smokers. In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate the integrity of the white matter microstructure in heavy smokers. (More)
In this study, we introduced a length-normalized parameterization method to establish anatomical correspondence of white matter fiber tracts across subjects and applied this method to investigate the presence of abnormal diffusion along the pyramidal tract (PYT) of relapsing neuromyelitis optica (RNMO) patients without visible brain lesions. In this(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate diffusion indexes of the corticospinal tract (CST), corpus callosum (CC), optic radiation (OR), and cingulum in patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) without visible lesions in the brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS All participants provided informed consent, and the study was approved by the institutional review board.(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that cigarette smoking is associated with changed brain structure and function. However, little is known about alterations of the topological organization of brain functional networks in heavy smokers. Thirty-one heavy smokers and 33 non-smokers underwent a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE In bipolar disorder, white matter abnormalities have been reported with region-of-interest and voxel-based methods; however, deficits in specific white matter tracts cannot be localized by these methods. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the white matter tracts that mediate connectivity of the frontal cortex using diffusion tensor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many studies have reported abnormal changes in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) by histogram and region-of-interest-based methods by using diffusion tenor imaging. However, there are few studies on specific white matter fiber tracts of RRMS. Our study sought to use diffusion tensor tractography-based group mapping to(More)
Abnormal structure and function in the striatum and prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been revealed in Internet addiction disorder (IAD). However, little is known about alterations of corticostriatal functional circuits in IAD. The aim of this study was to investigate the integrity of corticostriatal functional circuits and their relations to neuropsychological(More)