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We sought to identify the prevalent subtypes and study the genetic variation of HIV-1 circulating in HIV infections in Harbin City, China. Forty-seven samples from the env V3-V4 region were successfully sequenced and analyzed, which involved thirty-one men who have sex with men (MSM), eight heterosexuals, seven former plasma donors (FPD)/blood transfusion(More)
AIM To investigate the protective effect of stronger neo-minophafen C (SNMC) on fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) and its underlying mechanism. METHODS A mouse model of FHF was established by intraperitoneal injection of galactosamine (D-Gal N) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The survival rate, liver function, inflammatory factor and liver pathological change(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) is divided into two types, HIV-1 (groups M, N and O) and HIV-2. Heilongjiang Province located in the northeast of China, and the feature of the subtype distribution and sequence characteristics of HIV-1 strains prevalent in Heilongjiang Province is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
To provide the hard-won information on HIV-1 polymorphism from inmates in prison and to study the genetic variation of HIV-1 strains, we analyzed the characterization of the nucleotide and corresponding protein sequences of naturally occurring nef sequences derived from 16 HIV-1-positive inmates from prisons in China. Nested PCR and DNA sequencing were used(More)
OBJECTIVE To introduce a new reconstructional procedure to decrease the complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS Separate internal drainage of bile and pancreatic fluid in pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed in 256 patients. The digestive tract was reconstructed with Child method, with invaginated pancreaticojejunostomy using a long silastic(More)
Anisotropic high energy density domains may be formed at early stages of ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, e.g. due to phase transition dynamics or non-equilibrium phenomena like (mini-)jets. Here we investigate hadronic observables resulting from an initially created anisotropic high energy density domain. Based on our studies using a transport model(More)
A range of highly enantioenriched primary allylic amines underwent palladium-catalyzed oxidative coupling with sulfonyl hydrazides open to air at room temperature to give structurally diverse allylic sulfones in moderate to excellent yields with excellent retention of ee.
AIM To construct the gp120 DNA vaccine of Chinese HIV-1 strain and evaluate the immune responses induced with it in BALB/c mice. METHODS The recombinant expression vector pVAX1-GP120 was constructed by inserting HIV gp120 gene into the eukaryotic expression vector pVAX1 and confirmed with EcoR I/Pst I and DNA sequencing. BALB/c mice were immunized with(More)
The HIV-1 membrane proximal external region (MPER) that is targeted by several broadly neutralizing antibodies (BNAbs) has been considered a potential immunogen for vaccine development. However, to date the immunogenicity of these BNAb epitopes has not been made sufficiently adequate. In the present work, we used live attenuated Salmonella as a platform to(More)