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Nitrogen (N) sources, the critical medium component, were optimized for squalene production by microalga Aurantiochytrium sp. in heterotrophic cultures. In screening experiments monosodium glutamate, yeast extract and tryptone were found to enhance cell growth and squalene production. The optimal levels of the three nitrogen sources were further determined(More)
This paper provided further understanding of the relationships between acid resistance and structural features of different mutants in Bacillus licheniformis alpha amylase (BLA) due to the changes of two crucial positions Leu134 and Ser320. In order to investigate effect of the two positions on the acid stability, we described the detailed characterization(More)
Eighteen strains of thraustochytrids were newly isolated from Hong Kong mangroves, and their fatty acid and squalene contents were analyzed. All strains could grow well heterotrophically with glucose as the sole carbon source. All of them had the typical fatty acid profile of thraustchytrids and could produce a large amount of docosahexaenoic acid. The cell(More)
Effects of glucose, ammonium ions and phosphate on avilamycin biosynthesis in Streptomyces viridochromogenes AS4.126 were investigated. Twenty grams per liter of glucose, 10 mmol/L ammonium ions, and 10 mmol/L phosphate in the basal medium stimulated avilamycin biosynthesis. When the concentrations of glucose, ammonium ions, and phosphate in the basal(More)
Based on the original thermostable alpha-amylase gene from Bacillus licheniformis, two amino acids were site-directed mutagenised by polymerase chain reaction to obtain a new gene. This gene, with Leu134→Arg and Ser320→Ala, was substituted for acid-resistant capability previously. To favor purification of the product, high-level expression and secretion of(More)
The pulA gene enconding a thermostable pullulanase of 844 amino acids was cloned by PCR amplification from the genomic DNA of Thermotoga maritima MSB8. We successfully expressed the pulA gene in a protease-deficient strain Bacillus subtilis WB600, and the expressed pullulanase was secreted into the culture broth. Preliminary results showed that the(More)
High levels of extracellular xylanase activity (211.79 IU/mg) produced by Paenibacillus sp. NF1 were detected when it was submerged-cultured. After three consecutive purification steps using Octyl-Sepharose, Sephadex G75, and Q-Sepharose columns, a thermostable xylanase (XynNF) was purified to homogeneity and showed a molecular mass of 37 kDa according to(More)
The phospholipase D (PLD) gene pld encoding the mature PLD enzyme fromStreptomyces chromofuscus was cloned and sequenced. The recombinant protein has been expressed inEscherichia coli and purified. The yield of aim protein was up to 27.5 mg/l culture medium. Because it was targeted with a 6 × his-tag, the recombinant protein could be much more easily(More)
According to the amino acid sequence of monellin, a single chain 294bp monellin gene was synthesized and inserted into vector pET-22b to yield the recombinant secretion plasmid pETMO. The single-chain monellin gene was designed based on the biased codons of E. coli so that its expression would be then optimized. Under the expressing conditions, monellin was(More)
BACKGROUND The fermentation performance of a genome-shuffled strain of Candida versatilis S3-5, isolated for improved tolerance to salt, and wild-type (WT) strain were analysed. The fermentation parameters, such as growth, reducing sugar, ethanol, organic acids and volatile compounds, were detected during soy sauce fermentation process. RESULTS The(More)