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In recent years, the role of capsaicin in cancer prevention and treatment has gained people’s attention. However, the mechanism of anti-glioma cells by capsaicin has not been elucidated. Here, we discuss the mechanism of capsaicin in U251 cells. Cell viability was detected by MTT and extracellular LDH measurements, while immunofluorescence was performed to(More)
Myelination failure is associated with perinatal cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (PHI) induced brain injury in premature infants. How to efficiently promote remyelination is crucial for improving cognitive deficits caused by brain injury. Here, we demonstrated that quercetin (Que), a kind of flavonoids, significantly improved cognitive deficits and the behavior(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate quercetin’s (Qu) ability to promote proliferation and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) under oxygen/glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced injury in vitro. The results showed that after OGD, OPCs survival rate was significantly increased by Qu as measured by Cell Counting Kit-8. Furthermore, Qu(More)
One of the pathological hallmarks of periventricular white matter injury is the vulnerability of pre-oligodendrocytes (preOLs) to hypoxia-ischemia (HI). There is increasing evidence that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is an important signaling molecule for neurogenesis and neuroprotection in the central nervous system. However, it is unknown whether(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS), monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) is expressed in astrocytes and endothelial cells but also in oligodendroglia. Oligodendroglia support neurons and axons through lactate transportation by MCT1. Limited information is available on the MCT1 expression changes in candidate cells in the developing rat brain, especially in(More)
In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of Ro25-6981 against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Ro25-6981 alone or in combination with rapamycin was intracerebroventricularly administered to rats which suffered transient forebrain ischemia inducing by 4-vessel occlusion and reperfusion. Nissl staining was used to determine the survival(More)
Remyelination is limited in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) due to the difficulties in recruiting proliferating oligodendrocyte precursors (OPCs), the inhibition of OPC differentiation and/or maturation, and/or failure in the generation of the myelin sheath. In vitro studies have revealed that miR-219 is necessary for OPC differentiation and(More)
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