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The tumour stroma is believed to contribute to some of the most malignant characteristics of epithelial tumours. However, signalling between stromal and tumour cells is complex and remains poorly understood. Here we show that the genetic inactivation of Pten in stromal fibroblasts of mouse mammary glands accelerated the initiation, progression and malignant(More)
Members of the extended Fc receptor-like (FCRL) family in humans and mice are preferentially expressed by B cells and possess tyrosine-based immunoregulatory function. Although the majority of these proteins repress B cell receptor-mediated activation, there is an emerging evidence for their bifunctionality and capacity to counter-regulate adaptive and(More)
Although the role of CD14 in mediating signals from Toll-like receptors to recognize Mycobacterium tuberculosis is known, how polymorphisms in this gene affect the susceptibility to develop tuberculosis are still not clear. We examined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -1145 and -159 in the promoter region of the CD14 gene are(More)
Images are complex multimedia data that contain rich semantic information. Currently, most of image annotation algorithms are only annotating the object semantics of images. There are still many challenges on high-level semantic image annotation. The major issues are the lack of effective modeling method for the high-level semantics of images and the lack(More)
CD38 and ZAP-70 are both useful prognostic markers for B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but are variably discordant with IGHV mutation status. A total of 5 human Fc receptor-like molecules (FCRL1-5) have tyrosine-based immunoregulatory potential and are expressed by B-lineage subpopulations. To determine their prognostic potential in CLL, FCRL(More)
Adipogenic differentiation of preadipocytes is a complex process regulated by various factors including miRNAs and cytokines. MiR-143 is a well known miRNA that enhances adipogenesis. Pleiotrophin (PTN), a heparin-binding growth factor, plays a negative role in adipogenesis. In this investigation, we demonstrate that PTN is a target gene of miR-143 during(More)
Epidemiological studies spanning more than 50 yr reach conflicting conclusions as to whether there is a lower incidence of solid tumours in people with trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome). We used mouse models of Down's syndrome and of cancer in a biological approach to investigate the relationship between trisomy and the incidence of intestinal tumours.(More)
Aristolochic acid nephropathy, a progressive tubulointerstitial renal disease, is primarily caused by aristolochic acid I (AA-I) intoxication. Aristololactam I (AL-I), the main metabolite of AA-I, may also participate in the processes that lead to renal damage. To investigate the role and mechanism of the AL-I-mediated cytotoxicity, we determined and(More)