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OBJECTIVE The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is associated with cognitive and P50 auditory gating deficits in schizophrenia, and α7 nAChR agonists can potentially reverse these deficits. The authors examined multiple dosages of tropisetron, a partial agonist at the nAChR, for short-term effects on cognition and P50 deficits in schizophrenia. (More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in activity-dependent neuroplasticity underlying learning and memory in the hippocampus. Schizophrenia has a range of cognitive deficits that may evolve from decreased BDNF, and this study examines this association of BDNF with cognitive deficits in(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have indicated that the immune may be involved in the pathogenesis of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Some genetic polymorphisms in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) I and II regions have been associated with TD, and the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) gene is located in the HLA III region. TNF-α levels in the striatum significantly(More)
Controversial results concerning insulin resistance and lipid metabolism have been reported in antipsychotic-naive first-episode psychosis (AN-FEP) patients with schizophrenia of different countries. We aimed at determining whether schizophrenia-related psychopathology was associated with insulin resistance and/or dyslipidaemia in Chinese patients with(More)
Oxidative stress-induced damage to neurons may contribute to cognitive deficits during aging and in neurodegenerative disorders. Schizophrenia has a range of cognitive deficits that may evolve from oxidative stress. Thioredoxin (TRX), a redox-regulating protein with antioxidant activity recognized as an oxidative-stress marker has recently been found to be(More)
The pathophysiology of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia may involve the neuroinflammation mediated by cytokines. This study examined the IL-18 levels, the cognitive function, and their association in schizophrenia. We recruited 70 chronic patients and 75 normal controls and examined the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status(More)
BACKGROUND Schizophrenia patients have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) than normals. We examined the relationship between IGT and clinical phenotypes or cognitive deficits in first-episode, drug-naïve (FEDN) Han Chinese patients with schizophrenia. METHOD A total of 175 in-patients were compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with a significantly high prevalence of smoking. Upregulation of neurotrophins by nicotine is well established. Accumulating evidence shows that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The purposes of this study were to compare BDNF levels in smokers to(More)
Alterations in the inflammatory and immune systems have been documented to occur from the earliest stages of schizophrenia, and have been associated with neurodevelopmental changes. Cognitive impairment is a core feature in the pathology of schizophrenia, and recent studies showed a significant increase in serum IL-18 in schizophrenia, and a putative role(More)
OBJECTIVE The rate-corrected electrocardiographic QT (QTc) interval may significantly increase in patients with schizophrenia taking antipsychotics. The objective of this naturalistic study was to assess the prevalence of prolonged QTc interval in a large population of inpatients with chronic schizophrenia and to explore QTc relationship with demographic(More)