Fu-Chun Zhou

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Autophagy is an active homeostatic degradation process for the removal or turnover of cytoplasmic components wherein the LC3 ubiquitin-like protein undergoes an Atg7 E1-like enzyme/Atg3 E2-like enzyme-mediated conjugation process to induce autophagosome biogenesis. Besides its cytoprotecive role, autophagy acts on cell death when it is abnormally(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with Kaposi's sarcoma and several other malignancies. The lack of an efficient infection system has impeded the understanding of KSHV-related pathogenesis. A genetic approach was used to isolate infectious KSHV. Recombinant bacteria artificial chromosome (BAC) KSHV containing(More)
Viral interferon regulatory factor (vIRF) encoded by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) inhibits the expression of interferon-responsive genes, causes cellular transformation and transactivates KSHV genes. In the present study, we characterized the mRNA expression pattern of the vIRF gene and its promoter. A vIRF transcript of 1.7 kb in size was(More)
The latent nuclear antigen (LNA) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has an essential role in viral latent infection. LNA maintains the stability of KSHV episomes and modulates the expression of cellular genes. A novel cellular protein KLIP1 was identified to interact with LNA through yeast two-hybrid screening, and confirmed by a glutathione(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is linked to the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), a vascular spindle cell tumor primarily consisting of proliferating endothelial cells. Although KSHV has been shown to infect primary human endothelial cells and convert them into spindle shapes, KSHV infection is largely latent, and efforts to establish a(More)
Coordinated expression of viral genes in primary infection is essential for successful infection of host cells. We examined the expression profiles of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) transcripts in productive primary infection of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells by whole-genome reverse-transcription real-time quantitative PCR.(More)
Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) stimulates proliferation, angiogenesis, and inflammation to promote Kaposi sarcoma (KS) tumor growth, which involves various growth factors and cytokines. Previously, we found that KSHV infection of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) induces a transcriptional induction of the proangiogenic and(More)
Latent nuclear antigen (LNA) is implicated in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) episome persistence. LNA colocalizes with KSHV episomes on chromosomes in metaphase, and it maintains the stability and replication of KSHV terminal repeat-containing plasmids. In this study, we examined the function of LNA in episome persistence in the context of(More)
Viral interferon regulatory factor (vIRF) encoded by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has been shown to transform NIH3T3 and Rat-1 cells, inhibit interferon signal transduction, and regulate the expression of KSHV genes. We had previously characterized the vIRF core promoter and defined a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-responsive(More)
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