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Vascular tissues express heme oxygenase (HO), which metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). CO relaxes vascular smooth muscle but inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation. Decreased NO synthesis may contribute to salt-induced hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. The current study examines the hypothesis that elevated levels of endogenous CO(More)
Vascular tissues express heme oxygenase, which metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). CO promotes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle but also inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation. This study examines the hypothesis that CO promotes endothelium- and NO synthase-dependent vasoconstriction of isolated arterioles. Studies were conducted on pressurized(More)
Neural tissues generate carbon monoxide. Although neuronal carbon monoxide does not appear to be released in a directed manner, heme-derived carbon monoxide affects neuronally mediated activities. This rather suggests that endogenously formed carbon monoxide is an important neuromodulator. In addition, it appears that carbon monoxide may contribute to(More)
Vascular tissues express arginase that metabolizes L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea and thus reduces substrate availability for nitric oxide formation. Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl-S) rats with salt-induced hypertension show endothelial dysfunction, including decreased vascular nitric oxide formation. This study tests the hypothesis that increased vascular(More)
Arginine contains the guanidinium group and thus has structural similarity to ligands of imidazoline and alpha-2 adrenoceptors (alpha-2 AR). Therefore, we investigated the possibility that exogenous arginine may act as a ligand for these receptors in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and activate intracellular nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Idazoxan, a(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) is an endogenously derived gas formed from the breakdown of heme by the enzyme heme oxygenase. Although long considered an insignificant and potentially toxic waste product of heme catabolism, CO is now recognized as a key signaling molecule that regulates numerous cardiovascular functions. Interestingly, alterations in CO synthesis are(More)
  • Yong Wei, Xiao-ming Liu, +4 authors William Durante
  • 2009
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a unique oxidant generated by the enzyme myeloperoxidase that contributes to endothelial cell dysfunction and death in atherosclerosis. Since myeloperoxidase localizes with heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in and around endothelial cells of atherosclerotic lesions, the present study investigated whether there was an interaction between(More)
Vascular heme oxygenase (HO) metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide inhibits nitric oxide synthase and promotes endothelium-dependent vasoconstriction. We reported HO-1-mediated endothelial dysfunction in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension. Previous studies suggested that salt-sensitive hypertensive rats, but not spontaneously hypertensive(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a characteristic feature in diabetes that contributes to the development of vascular disease. Recently, arginase has been implicated in triggering endothelial dysfunction in diabetic patients and animals by competing with endothelial nitric oxide synthase for substrate l-arginine. While most studies have focused on the coronary(More)
Heme-oxygenase (HO)-derived carbon monoxide (CO) is generated in the cardiovascular and in the central nervous systems. Endogenous CO exerts direct vascular effects and has also been shown to inhibit nitric oxide synthase (NOS). In the current study, the heme-oxygenase blockade [zinc deuteroporphyrin 2,4-bis glycol (ZnDPBG), 45 micromol/kg(More)