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1. Arginase is the focal enzyme of the urea cycle hydrolysing L-arginine to urea and L-ornithine. Emerging studies have identified arginase in the vasculature and have implicated this enzyme in the regulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and the development of vascular disease. 2. Arginase inhibits the production of NO via several potential mechanisms,(More)
Vascular heme oxygenase (HO) metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). Increased heme-derived CO inhibits nitric oxide synthase and can contribute to hypertension via endothelial dysfunction in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Obese Zucker rats (ZR) are models of metabolic syndrome. This study tests the hypothesis that endogenous CO formation is increased and(More)
Vascular tissues express heme oxygenase (HO), which metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). CO relaxes vascular smooth muscle but inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation. Decreased NO synthesis may contribute to salt-induced hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats. The current study examines the hypothesis that elevated levels of endogenous CO(More)
Vascular tissues express arginase that metabolizes L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea and thus reduces substrate availability for nitric oxide formation. Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl-S) rats with salt-induced hypertension show endothelial dysfunction, including decreased vascular nitric oxide formation. This study tests the hypothesis that increased vascular(More)
Arginine contains the guanidinium group and thus has structural similarity to ligands of imidazoline and alpha-2 adrenoceptors (alpha-2 AR). Therefore, we investigated the possibility that exogenous arginine may act as a ligand for these receptors in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and activate intracellular nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Idazoxan, a(More)
BACKGROUND Major trauma often causes hemorrhage and predisposes to transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). TRALI is a leading cause of transfusion-related deaths; however, its pathophysiology is uncertain. In the existing two-event models of TRALI, infection (lipopolysaccharide injection) is followed by the infusion of aged blood products. Our(More)
Vascular tissues express heme oxygenase, which metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). CO promotes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle but also inhibits nitric oxide (NO) formation. This study examines the hypothesis that CO promotes endothelium- and NO synthase-dependent vasoconstriction of isolated arterioles. Studies were conducted on pressurized(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity promotes the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The most effective weight loss treatment is bariatric surgery, but results greatly vary depending on the procedure. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has recently emerged as a reduced risk weight loss procedure for super obese patients. However, the mechanism of weight loss from SG(More)
BACKGROUND The increase in vessel wall strain in hypertension contributes to arterial remodeling by stimulating vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and collagen synthesis. Because L-proline is essential for the synthesis of collagen and cell growth, we examined whether cyclic strain regulates the transcellular transport of L-proline by vascular(More)
Neural tissues generate carbon monoxide. Although neuronal carbon monoxide does not appear to be released in a directed manner, heme-derived carbon monoxide affects neuronally mediated activities. This rather suggests that endogenously formed carbon monoxide is an important neuromodulator. In addition, it appears that carbon monoxide may contribute to(More)