Froylán Gómez-Lagunas

Learn More
1. Shaker B K+ channels, expressed in the insect cell line Sf9, were studied in zero K+, Na+ or N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMG)-containing solutions. In the absence of K+ ions on both sides of the membrane, the K+ conductance collapsed with the delivery of short depolarizing pulses that activated the channels. The collapse of the conductance was fully prevented(More)
Two novel peptides were purified from the venom of the scorpion Pandinus imperator, and were named Pi2 and Pi3. Their complete primary structures were determined and their blocking effects on Shaker B K+ channels were studied. Both peptides contain 35 amino acids residues, compacted by three disulfide bridges, and reversibly block the Shaker B K+ channels.(More)
Here we describe the basic features of the interaction of K+ channels with Pi1, a recently described 35 amino acid scorpion toxin, which has four disulfide bridges instead of the three commonly found in all the other known scorpion toxins. We found that: (a) Pi1 blocks ShakerB from the outside with a 1:1 stoichiometry, and a Kd of 32 nM in zero external(More)
We have studied the relation between permeation and recovery from N-type or ball-and-chain inactivation of ShakerB K channels. The channels were expressed in the insect cell line Sf9, by infection with a recombinant baculovirus, and studied under whole cell patch clamp. Recovery from inactivation occurs in two phases. The faster of the two lasts for(More)
Recently, patch-clamping of yeast protoplasts has revealed the presence of plasma membrane K+ channels (Gustin, M. C., B. Martinac, Y. Saimi, M. R. Culberston, and C. Kung. 1986. Science (Wash. DC). 233:1195-1197). In this work we show that fusion of purified plasma membranes into planar bilayers allows the study of the yeast channels. The main cationic(More)
The Shaker B K(+) conductance (G(K)) collapses (in a reversible manner) if the membrane is depolarized and then repolarized in, 0 K(+), Na(+)-containing solutions (Gómez-Lagunas, F. 1997. J. Physiol. 499:3-15; Gómez-Lagunas, F. 1999. Biophys. J. 77:2988-2998). In this work, the role of Na(+) ions in the collapse of G(K) in 0-K(+) solutions, and in the(More)
Potassium-channel-blocking scorpion toxins (alpha-K-toxins) have been shown to be valuable tools for the study of potassium channels. Here we report two toxins, cobatoxin 1 and 2, of 32 amino acids, containing three disulphide bridges, that were isolated from the venom of the Mexican scorpion Centruroides noxius. Their primary sequences show less than 40%(More)
Opisthacanthus cayaporum belongs to the Liochelidae family, and the scorpions from this genus occur in southern Africa, Central America and South America and, therefore, can be considered a true Gondwana heritage. In this communication, the isolation, primary structure characterization, and K⁺-channel blocking activity of new peptide from this scorpion(More)
Fast inactivation in ShakerB K channels results from pore-block caused by "ball peptides" attached to the inner part of each K channel. We have examined the question of how many functional inactivating balls are on each channel and how this number affects inactivation and recovery from inactivation. To that purpose we expressed ShakerB in the insect cell(More)
Herein, we report the first characterization of Shab slow inactivation. Open Shab channels inactivate within seconds, with two voltage-independent time constants. Additionally, Shab presents significant closed-state inactivation. We found that with short depolarizing pulses, shorter than the slowest inactivation time constant, the resulting inactivation(More)