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Fluoroacetate and its toxic metabolite fluorocitrate cause inhibition of aconitase. In brain tissue, both substances are preferentially taken up by glial cells and leads to inhibition of the glial TCA cycle. It is important to realise, however, that the glia-specificity of these compounds depends both on the dosage and on the model used. The glia-inhibitory(More)
This study attempts to provide a critical assessment of three different common approaches to identifying teactive species formed in biological systems: the 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay, and the luminol- and lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence assays. There have been several contradictory reports about the specificity of these(More)
The effect of intrastriatal injection of fluorocitrate on amino acid pattern, cell enzyme markers, and ultrastructural appearance was investigated. A dose of 1 nmol of fluorocitrate resulted in temporarily decreased levels of glutamine, glutamate, and aspartate, whereas the level of alanine was increased. The glutamine level was severely reduced after 4 h(More)
Studies have shown that polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) may affect cognitive functions both in human and also in experimental animals. We have investigated whether this effect could be caused by an inhibition of the uptake of selected neurotransmitters into rat brain synaptosomes. Ortho-chlorinated biphenyls were found to inhibit transmitter transport into(More)
Many toxic substances have been distributed to the environment, some of which have properties that promote accumulation and biomagnification in living organisms. Approximately 1.2 million metric tons of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been produced and about 30% have been discharged to the environment. Approximately 200 000 metric tons of brominated(More)
Four monkeys were exposed to a total of 8 g each of manganese as oxide by repetitive subcutaneous injections during 5 months, after which they were left for 1 week to 6 months before they were sacrificed. All animals developed hyperactive behaviour after about 2 months. About 5 months after the start of the exposure the animals became hypoactive with an(More)
1. The methods for the assay of choline acetyltransferase were based on the reaction between labelled acetyl-CoA and unlabelled choline to give labelled acetylcholine. 2. Both synthetic acetyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA formed from sodium [1-(14)C]acetate or sodium [(3)H]acetate by incubation with CoA, ATP, Mg(2+) and extract from acetone-dried pigeon liver were(More)