Fritz Ulrich Schade

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Endotoxins of Gram-negative microbes fulfill as components of the outer membrane a vital function for bacterial viability and, if set free, induce in mammalians potent pathophysiological effects. Chemically, they are lipopolysaccharides (LPS) consisting of an O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide, and a lipid component, termed lipid A. The latter(More)
During the last decade cytokines were recognized as focal components in acute and chronic inflammatory processes. The growing knowledge about these agents stimulated efforts to pharmacologically control their synthesis and action in clinical situations. Various rational approaches to these issues including selective antibodies or receptor antagonists are at(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether the endotoxin responsiveness of peripheral blood mononuclear cells correlates with the severity of injury in trauma patients. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING University trauma center. PATIENTS Fifty-nine patients with blunt trauma (Injury Severity Score [ISS] 4 to 57 points). INTERVENTIONS Standard(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with the release of proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 1beta, interleukin 6, and interleukin 8) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 10 and transforming growth factor beta(1)). On the one hand this cytokine release is related to the postoperative systemic inflammatory(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is recognized as a central mediator of sepsis, septic shock, and multiple organ failure. These host reactions are associated with increased TNF levels in circulation, presumably due to increased TNF production. A previously described nucleotide variation at position -308 in the promoter region of the human TNF gene was shown to(More)
Polymicrobial sepsis is associated with immunosuppression caused by the predominance of anti-inflammatory mediators and profound loss of lymphocytes through apoptosis. Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen-presenting cells and play a key role in T cell activation. We tested the hypothesis that DC are involved in sepsis-mediated immunosuppression in a(More)
Liver surgery and liver transplantation as well as circulatory shock are often associated with hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Recent evidence suggests that TNF-alpha plays a central role in I/R injury and, therefore, down-regulation of TNF-alpha seems to be a promising way to protect against the deleterious consequences of I/R. Endotoxin(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relation of the biallelic Nco1 restriction fragment length polymorphism in the first intron of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) beta gene with the development of severe sepsis in multiply injured patients. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The biallelic Nco1 polymorphism of the TNFbeta gene has been described to be associated with(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IP) and prior exposure to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) reduce infarct size (IS) and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) concentration resulting from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in rabbits. The decrease in TNF-alpha might relate to an induced TNF-alpha inhibitory serum activity (TNF-alpha-ISA). We analyzed TNF-alpha and(More)
The cytokine production in endotoxin stimulated blood of patients immediately after polytrauma with high risk for developing sepsis or multi organ failure was analysed. Forty patients sustaining traumatic injury with >/=317 pts according to the Injury Severity Score (ISS), 10 of whom developed severe sepsis (ACCP/SCCM conference 1992) were included in the(More)