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The structure of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCM virus) was investigated by a variety of conventional as well as novel electron microscopic procedures. Thin sections of infected cells revealed the characteristic arenavirus entities whose interiors contain ribosome-like granules but look otherwise empty. In contrast, most thin-sectioned virus(More)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus-infected culture cells as targets were markedly reduced in numbers when incubated in vitro with spleen cells from LCM virus-immune mice, even if the cells were taken months after a subcutaneous immunizing infection of the donor animal. Spleen cells from mice persistently infected with LCM virus had no effect on(More)
Granzyme A, a granule-associated serine proteinase of activated cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells, has been reported to play a critical role in DNA fragmentation of target cells. To address the question of the biological role of granzyme A, we have now generated a granzyme A-deficient mouse mutant by homologous recombination. Western blot analysis,(More)
After intravenous infection of mice, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus multiplied in spleens and livers, attaining highest concentrations on days 4 to 6. The subsequent clearance was as rapid, and 8 to 10 days after inoculation, infectivity was usually below detectability. During the effector phase of virus elimination, both cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) activity(More)
BACKGROUND The hepatitis that occurs after adult mice are infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus is immune mediated, although the details of the pathogenetic mechanisms are largely unknown. To better understand the sequence of events leading to alterations typical for hepatitides with immunopathogenesis, livers of immunocompetent mice(More)
A structural glycoprotein of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus was obtained in pure form by immunoaffinity chromatography using a monoclonal antibody with high neutralizing activity. It blocked neutralization of viral infectivity by antibody and in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis it migrated with an apparent molecular weight of 44 X 10(3). We conclude(More)
A plaque reduction method for measuring lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-sensitizing antibody in human serum is described. One volume of virus and one volume of serially diluted human serum were mixed and incubated for 2 h at 37 degrees C. One volume of suitably diluted anti-human immune globulin antiserum was added and incubation continued for 0-5 h.(More)
Adult mice were infected by i.v. inoculation with 10(3) mouse infectious doses of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCM virus). Despite widespread replication of the agent, overt illness did not develop; histopathologic alterations were moderate. High virus concentrations were attained in the spleen, which was chosen for further study. Cytotoxic spleen T(More)