Fritz Koerner

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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of glaucoma in sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), an entity characterized by repetitive upper airway obstructions during sleep, inducing hypoxia and sleep disruption with the risk of cardiovascular and neurologic sequelae. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS A total of 114 white patients consecutively referred for(More)
INTRODUCTION The etiology of primary open-angle glaucoma remains unclear. Various risk factors, including vascular abnormalities, have been associated with this disease. Sleep-associated diseases, like sleep apnea syndrome, might also represent a risk factor. Sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by repetitive upper airway obstructions during sleep,(More)
During the course of a so-called posterior vitreous detachment, a thin layer of the posterior vitreous cortex often remains adherent to the underlying retina. Tangential stretch of this vitreous pseudomembrane may cause vitreomacular traction syndrome, edema, and macular hole formation. The same process appears to underlie the development of true epimacular(More)
The laboratory confirmation of ocular toxoplasmosis has been reported to be facilitated by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in anterior chamber taps. We utilized PCR specific for a sequence of the Toxoplasma gondii B 1 gene with a length of 194 bp. The sensitivity was adjusted to ten genomic copies per sample in stained gel and two copies after(More)
Seventy-three out of 639 ophthalmoscopically examined newborns (11.4%) showed varying degrees of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Three infants were blind (0.5%). Sixty-six patients were matched with controls according to gestational age, birth weight, birth date and neonatal unit. Using univariate statistics, the variables representing the extent of(More)
The clinical and laboratory data on 140 premature infants, 74 cases with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 66 control cases without ROP, were correlated with ROP grades of increasing severity. By using multiple linear regression (MLR), it is shown that for predicting ROP grades the importance of certain variables varies considerably depending on the(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aimed to determine ocular abnormalities in sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), an entity characterized by repetitive upper airway obstructions during sleep, inducing hypoxia and sleep disruption with the risk of cardiovascular and neurologic sequelae. DESIGN The study design was a case series. PARTICIPANTS Nine patients referred for(More)
INTRODUCTION In normal-tension glaucoma, optic nerve damage occurs without elevated intraocular pressures, hence vascular and pathogenic mechanisms other than intraocular pressure effects have been postulated. However, the exact cause(s) remain unknown. We have looked for an association between normal-tension glaucoma and sleep apnea syndrome, a disease(More)
BACKGROUND Modern vitreoretinal surgery allows a successful management of most cases of retinal detachment (RD) due to proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Failure of a vitrectomy in these cases is generally caused by a recurrence of PVR. Little is known about the postoperative 'life cycle' of proliferative cellular processes within the periretinal space.(More)
Cellophane membranes are an early stage of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) complicating retinal detachment surgery. Our aim was to assess whether a prolonged administration of systemic corticosteroids would attenuate early stages of PVR such as cellophane membranes. Prospective randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. A total of 220(More)