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Linkage between an autosomal regulatory gene Diff controlling differentiation of neoplastic melanophores and an esterase locus, Est-1, has been demonstrated in Xiphophorus. The recombination values between Est-1 and Diff ranged from 21 to 29 percent depending on the melanophore pattern loci Sp, Sd, Sd, and Livar. The average recombination frequency for all(More)
Southern blot analyses of the xiphophorine genome with probes specific for 15 viral and cellular oncogenes revealed that only three v-erbB related EcoRI fragments comprising 4.9 kb of a certain X, 11.5 kb of another X, and 6.7 kb of both a Y and a Z chromosome are inherited in parallel with the Tu complex and melanoma formation. They are accessory in the(More)
In poeciliid fish, melanoma of different degrees of malignancy can be produced by crossing specific genotypes. For a detailed investigation of the processes leading to proliferation or differentiation of the melanoma cells, it is necessary to establish cell cultures. The aim of the present study was to find out the optimal conditions for initiating and(More)
Neoplastic transformation of pigment cells in the teleostean fish Xiphophorus is mediated by a cellular oncogene (Tu). Normally. Tu is suppressed by multiple regulating genes (R). Depending on impairment and loss of R genes, Tu is permitted to express itself phenotypically. In the pigment cell system, different degrees of Tu expression lead to small spots(More)
Most biological reactions, including carcinogenesis, are complex processes involving thousands of compounds, their metabolites and intermediates. The separation of events which form part of a direct chain leading to neoplastic transformation from those which are mere by-products is a herculean task. In this study, we focused on the pros and cons of reactive(More)