Frits R. Mooi

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Bordetella pertussis, B. bronchiseptica, B. parapertussis(hu), and B. parapertussis(ov) are closely related respiratory pathogens that infect mammalian species. B. pertussis and B. parapertussis(hu) are exclusively human pathogens and cause whooping cough, or pertussis, a disease that has resurged despite vaccination. Although it most often infects animals,(More)
  • Frits R. Mooi
  • Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of…
  • 2010
Before childhood vaccination was introduced in the 1950s, pertussis or whooping cough was a major cause of infant death worldwide. Widespread vaccination of children was successful in significantly reducing morbidity and mortality. However, despite vaccination, pertussis has persisted and, in the 1990s, resurged in a number of countries with highly(More)
Before childhood vaccination was introduced in the 1940s, pertussis was a major cause of infant death worldwide. Widespread vaccination of children succeeded in reducing illness and death. In the 1990s, a resurgence of pertussis was observed in a number of countries with highly vaccinated populations, and pertussis has become the most prevalent(More)
The X region of the protein A gene of Staphylococcus aureus contains a highly polymorphic sequence which is composed of repeats of 24 bp. We used amplification by PCR to investigate whether this region could be used to discriminate between epidemic and nonepidemic methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains. Most epidemic MRSA strains (24 of 33) harbored(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a population-based, nation-wide, prospective study to identify who introduced pertussis into the household of infants aged 6 months admitted to the hospital for pertussis in the Netherlands. METHODS During the period 2006-2008, a total of 560 household contacts of 164 hospitalized infants were tested by polymerase chain reaction,(More)
Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, has remained endemic in The Netherlands despite extensive nationwide vaccination since 1953. In the 1990s, several epidemic periods have resulted in many cases of pertussis. We have proposed that strain variation has played a major role in the upsurges of this disease in The Netherlands.(More)
To elucidate the potential role of the etiologic agent in recent increases of pertussis incidence in the United States, we studied the polymorphism in pertactin and pertussis toxin, which are Bordetella pertussis proteins important for pathogenesis and immunity. We sequenced regions of their genes (prn and ptx) in 152 B. pertussis strains isolated from 1935(More)
The polymorphic X-region of the protein A gene (spa) was used for molecular typing of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. The X-region is characterized by a variable number (between 3 and 15) of small repeats. DNA sequencing of MRSA strains revealed 25 distinct repeats. Analysis of MRSA strains grown in vitro and in vivo revealed that(More)
Only Vibrio cholerae strains of serotype O1 are known to cause epidemics, while non-O1 strains are associated with sporadic cases of cholera. It was therefore unexpected that the recent cholera epidemic in Asia was caused by a non-O1 strain with the serotype O139. We provide evidence that O139 arose from a strain closely related to the causative agent of(More)
We analyzed pertussis reporting, death, hospitalization, and serodiagnostic data from 1976 to 1998 to help explain the cause of the 1996 pertussis outbreak in the Netherlands. The unexpected outbreak was detected by an increase in pertussis reporting and by other surveillance methods. In 1996, according to reporting and serologic data, the increase in(More)