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During embryogenesis, the NG2 proteoglycan is expressed on immature capillary vessels, but as the vessels mature they lose this expression. NG2 is up-regulated in high-grade gliomas, but it is not clear to what extent it contributes to malignant progression. Using a combination of high spatial and temporal resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) via its guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A) receptor participates in regulation of arterial blood pressure and vascular volume. Previous studies demonstrated that concerted renal diuretic/natriuretic and endothelial permeability effects of ANP cooperate in intravascular volume regulation. We show that the microvascular endothelial(More)
CD133 is a cell surface marker expressed on progenitors of haematopoietic and endothelial cell lineages. Moreover, several studies have identified CD133 as a marker of brain tumor-initiating cells. In this study, human glioblastoma multiforme biopsies were engrafted intracerebrally into nude rats. The resulting tumors were serially passaged in vivo, and(More)
Animal modeling for primary brain tumors has undergone constant development over the last 60 years, and significant improvements have been made recently with the establishment of highly invasive glioblastoma models. In this review we discuss the advantages and pitfalls of model development, focusing on chemically induced models, various xenogeneic grafts of(More)
Our goal was to develop strategies to quantify the accumulation of model therapeutics in small brain metastases using multimodal imaging, in order to enhance the potential for successful treatment. Human melanoma cells were injected into the left cardiac ventricle of immunodeficient mice. Bioluminescent, MR and PET imaging were applied to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal management of patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a subject of controversy. These patients may be candidates for both reoperation and/or gamma knife surgery (GKS). Few studies have addressed the role of GKS for relapsing gliomas, and the results have not been compared with reoperation. To validate the efficacy and(More)
Growth and progression of malignant brain tumours occurs in a micromilieu consisting of both tumour and normal cells. Several proteins have been identified with the potential of interfering directly with tumour cells or with the neovascularisation process, thereby inhibiting tumour growth. A continuous delivery of such inhibitory proteins to the tumour(More)
Cellular multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provided an in vivo visualisation of neural stem cells' (NSCs) tropism for gliomas in the rat brain. NSCs were magnetically labelled in vitro with the bimodal gadolinium-based contrast agent, gadolinium rhodamine dextran (GRID), and injected into the contralateral hemisphere to the developing tumour.(More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol), an anti-cancer drug derived from Taxus species, was tested for its anti-migrational, anti-invasive and anti-proliferative effect on two human glioma cell lines (GaMg and D-54Mg) grown as multicellular tumour spheroids. In addition, the direct effect of paclitaxel on glioma cells was studied using flow cytometry and scanning confocal(More)
BACKGROUND Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) is an adjuvant treatment for acromegaly if surgery fails to normalize GH hypersecretion. OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of GKR on tumor growth and hypersecretion, and to characterize the adverse effect of this treatment. DESIGN Cross-sectional follow-up study. First, retrospective data pre- and post-GKR were(More)