Friedy Luther

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BACKGROUND Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) relate to discomfort of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The disorder is multifactorial with a degree of psychogenic influence varying throughout an individual's life with phases of symptoms affecting the quality of life. In an attempt to treat this complex group of disorders many treatment modalities have been(More)
The prevalence of malocclusion in children with cerebral palsy was studied by comparison with a normal control group. The prevalence of drooling and prematurity was also assessed as well as the degree of mental handicap. Results showed an increased prevalence of malocclusion in children with cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsied children are likely to have a(More)
Thirty-one medieval skulls, mostly dating from the Black Death in 1348, were compared with 32 modern, untreated adults. The medieval population was unusual because the skulls could be so closely dated. Lateral skull radiographs were used for the comparison, based on the method of Seddon (1984). A method error study indicated that the measurements could be(More)
Randomised clinical trials are commonly undertaken in medical and dental research. However, few authors discuss the difficulties associated with such studies, including costs, ethical issues and recruitment of an adequate number of patients. There is little information available on the number of studies which are terminated early as a result of these(More)
A study was carried out to determine if changes to the undergraduate orthodontic course at Leeds Dental Institute resulted in increased student satisfaction. The study was based on a questionnaire distributed to dental students comprising statements related to the undergraduate orthodontic course. Questionnaires were distributed in 1993 and 1995 to 2 groups(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical performance of APC™II Victory Series™ (3M Unitek) brackets in direct orthodontic bonding with and without the use of primer. DESIGN A single-operator, two-centre prospective, non-inferiority randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING The Orthodontic departments at the Leeds Dental Institute and St Luke's Hospital,(More)
The search to improve the properties of dental adhesives has lead to the development of light-cured glass ionomer cements. Using human teeth in vitro, the present study tested the shear/peel bond strengths of two light-cure materials ('Variglass VLC' and 'Fuji Lining LC') against a 'no-mix' composite orthodontic adhesive ('Right-On') and a chemically cured(More)
The growth in adult orthodontics presents new challenges to both the general dental practitioner and the orthodontist. Although many of the main objectives of orthodontic treatment are similar for adults, young adults and children, adult patients frequently bring significant challenges in several areas not often seen in the younger patient group. In areas(More)