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BACKGROUND Testing for mutations of the TP53 gene in tumors is a valuable predictor for disease outcome in certain cancers, but the time and cost of conventional sequencing limit its use. The present study compares traditional sequencing with the much faster microarray sequencing on a commercially available chip and describes a method to increase the(More)
This study was designed to define the potential clinical relevance of identifying alterations affecting p53 pathway in bladder cancer and to test a new, low-cost, high-throughput, and array-based TP53 sequencing technology. Tumor samples from 140 evaluable patients with bladder cancer were analyzed with two methods to detect TP53 gene mutations, including(More)
Bladder cancer is a common disease characterized by multiple recurrences and an invasive disease course in more than 10% of patients. It is of monoclonal or oligoclonal origin and genomic instability has been shown at certain loci. We used a 10,000 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array with an average of 2,700 heterozygous SNPs to detect allelic(More)
Nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) is a highly heterogeneous condition with more than eighty known causative genes. However, in the clinical setting, a large number of NSHI families have unexplained etiology, suggesting that there are many more genes to be identified. In this study we used SNP-based linkage analysis and follow up microsatellite markers(More)
The MUTYH gene encodes a DNA glycosylase involved in base excision repair (BER). Biallelic pathogenic MUTYH variants have been associated with colorectal polyposis and cancer. The pathogenicity of a few variants is beyond doubt, including c.536A4G/p.Tyr179Cys and c.1187G4A/p.Gly396Asp (previously c.494A4G/p.Tyr165Cys and c.1145G4A/p.Gly382Asp).However, for(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes, MSH2, MLH1, and others are associated with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Due to the high costs of sequencing, cheaper screening methods are needed to identify HNPCC cases. Ideally, these methods should have a high sensitivity and identify all mutated cases without too many(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome, characterised by familial aggregation of HNPCC related cancers, germline mutations in mismatch repair genes, and/or microsatellite instability (MSI) in tumour tissue. AIM To estimate the frequency of HNPCC among non-selected Danish patients with(More)
A national study of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Danish HBOC (Hereditary Breast Ovarian Cancer) families revealed a total number of 322 mutation positive families, 206 (64%) BRCA1 and 116 (36%) BRCA2 positive families from a population of 5.5 million inhabitants. Seven hundred and twenty six mutation positive individuals were identified: 402 female BRCA1(More)
BACKGROUND The cancer family history is important in identifying individuals with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). The accuracy of a suspected HNPCC family history reported by patients with colorectal cancer was evaluated. METHODS This was a prospective population-based study including consecutive patients with colorectal cancer. A(More)
An increasing number of mismatch-repair (MMR) gene mutations have been identified in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome. This study presents the population-based Danish MMR gene mutation profile, which contains 138 different MMR gene alterations. Among these, 88 mutations in 164 families are considered pathogenic and an(More)