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Primary pulmonary lymphangiectasis (PPL) is a rare congenital developmental abnormality of the lung with a generally poor prognosis. Only a limited number of patients with neonatal-onset PPL have been reported to survive. We present the case of a male preterm infant (gestational age 34 weeks 6 days) with histologically confirmed PPL, complicated by hydrops(More)
UNLABELLED Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS, Ondine's curse syndrome) is a rare respiratory disorder; less than 100 cases have been reported. Familiality of the disease has been discussed, but only few familial cases have been reported so far. In this report we describe the occurrence of CCHS in two male siblings. Diagnosis was established(More)
UNLABELLED Vascular anomalies include a heterogeneous group of disorders that are categorized as vascular tumors or vascular malformations. Treatment options include resection, embolization, laser therapy, and sclerotherapy or medical treatment such as propranolol, steroids, interferon, and cytostatic chemotherapy. Mammalian target of rapamycin seems to(More)
We investigated whether acid reflux in the proximal esophagus can induce arousal from sleep in infants. Fifty normal infants with occasional regurgitations were studied at the age of 8 weeks (range 4-26 weeks). In each child a pH probe was placed in the proximal portion of the thoracic esophagus, in front of the third vertebra, under radiologic control.(More)
The influence of head-neck posture (neutral, 15 degrees, 30 degrees, and 45 degrees extension and flexion) on airflow and pulmonary mechanics was evaluated in 10 spontaneously breathing healthy preterm neonates (mean +/- SD; birth weight, 1.32 +/- 0.23 kg; gestational age, 29.4 +/- 2.4 weeks; study age, 36.6 +/- 1.6 weeks) who had had respiratory distress(More)
In this study, a critical assessment of the single-occlusion technique as a means of measuring passive respiratory mechanics and respiratory drive (P0.1) was performed in nonintubated spontaneously breathing healthy term neonates using commercially available computerized equipment (PEDS system). In general, we found that quality parameters only partially(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the degree of clotting activation that occurs with the usual anticoagulation regimen with systemic heparinization. METHODS To allow a standardized comparison of the patients, this study focused on the first 48 hours of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in term newborn infants. The ECMO perfusion circuit consisted of a(More)
Posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilation following intraventricular haemorrhage is a serious problem with high morbidity in preterm babies. No consensus exists as to the treatment of intraventricular haemorrhage and as to the treatment or prophylaxis of posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilation. Serial lumbar tapping was already in use to treat existing or being(More)
Drainage problems due to catheter malpositioning are acutely life-threatening in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. In order to reduce these complications we introduced sonographically guided catheter positioning. We compare the outcome in a group of patients with blind cannula positioning to that in a group with sonographically guided(More)