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c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) (comprising JNK1-3 isoforms) are members of the MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) family, activated in response to various stimuli including growth factors and inflammatory cytokines. Their activation is facilitated by scaffold proteins, notably JNK-interacting protein-1 (JIP1). Originally considered to be mediators of(More)
Previous studies on the role of microtubule-associated protein 1B (MAP1B) in adapting microtubules for nerve cell-specific functions have examined the activity of the entire MAP1B protein complex consisting of heavy and light chains and revealed moderate effects on microtubule stability. Here we have analyzed the effects of the MAP1B light chain in the(More)
Microtubule-associated proteins such as MAP1B have long been suspected to play an important role in neuronal differentiation, but proof has been lacking. Previous MAP1B gene targeting studies yielded contradictory and inconclusive results and did not reveal MAP1B function. In contrast to two earlier efforts, we now describe generation of a complete MAP1B(More)
During development, microtubule-associated protein 1B (MAP1B) is one of the earliest MAPs, preferentially localized in axons and growth cones, and plays a role in axonal outgrowth. Although generally downregulated in the adult, we have shown that MAP1B is constitutively highly expressed in adult dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and associated with central(More)
Treatment of cultured vertebrate neurons with nitric oxide leads to growth-cone collapse, axon retraction and the reconfiguration of axonal microtubules. We show that the light chain of microtubule-associated protein (MAP) 1B is a substrate for S-nitrosylation in vivo, in cultured cells and in vitro. S-nitrosylation occurs at Cys 2457 in the COOH terminus.(More)
We had previously described the leucine-rich acidic nuclear protein (LANP) as a candidate mediator of toxicity in the polyglutamine disease, spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1). This was based on the observation that LANP binds ataxin-1, the protein involved in this disease, in a glutamine repeat-dependent manner. Furthermore, LANP is expressed abundantly(More)
We report the genomic organization of the mouse and rat genes coding for the 2460-amino-acid microtubule-associated protein (MAP) 1B. In addition to seven exons that encode full-length MAP1B, we have identified two alternative exons, exon 3A and the novel exon 3U. We demonstrate that alternative MAP1B transcripts containing either exon 3A or exon 3U are(More)
The related high molecular mass microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) MAP1A and MAP1B are predominantly expressed in the nervous system and are involved in axon guidance and synaptic function. MAP1B is implicated in fragile X mental retardation, giant axonal neuropathy, and ataxia type 1. We report the functional characterization of a novel member of the(More)
Recently, the concept of microtubule-associated protein 1B as an intracellular 2460 amino acid protein was challenged by the suggestion that only the N-terminal 1022 codons are utilized and encode the core protein of the extracellular proteoglycan claustrin (Burg and Cole (1994) J. Neurobiol. 25, 1-22). We expressed this N-terminal MAP1B fragment in tissue(More)
We previously described the function of MAP1B in both turning and branching of regenerating neurites. Our results suggested implication of MAP1B in coupling of actin and microtubule movements, a hypothesis investigated here using DRG neurons and Schwann cells (SCs), which also transiently express MAP1B. Cell motility and cytoskeletal rearrangements were(More)