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This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy intensified with irinotecan in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Eligible patients had nonmetastatic disease at a locally advanced stage that made R0 resection and sphincter preservation uncertain. They received preoperative radiation over 6 weeks to 45 Gy(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of chemoradiation using capecitabine and irinotecan as neoadjuvant therapy for patients with rectal cancer. Conventional radiation was given at daily fractions of 1.8 Gy on 5 days a week for a total dose of 55.8 (50.4 + 5.4) Gy. Concurrently, irinotecan 40 mg m(-2) once weekly and capecitabine(More)
INTRODUCTION Seizures are the most common initial symptom in patients with low-grade glioma and their occurrence strongly depends on the tumor location. The majority of low-grade gliomas reveal mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate-dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) or 2 (IDH2). These mutations are associated with metabolic changes that are potentially(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents a morphologic and molecular heterogenic disease. This heterogeneity substantially impairs drug effectiveness and prognosis. The subtype of mismatch repair deficient (MMR-D) CRCs, accounting for about 15% of all cases, shows particular differential responses up to resistance towards currently approved cytostatic(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular heterogeneity of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is well recognized, forming the rationale for molecular tests required before administration of some of the novel targeted therapies that now are rapidly entering the clinics. For clinical research at least, but possibly even for future individualized tumor treatment on a routine basis,(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor infiltrating B cells (TiBc) have not yet been investigated in detail. This may at least in part be due to technical difficulties. Here we describe a straightforward and reproducible method to isolate and culture TiBc from primary colorectal carcinomas (CRC). METHODS/RESULTS TiBc cultures were generated by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)(More)
Patient-individual tumor models constitute a powerful platform for basic and translational analyses both in vitro and in vivo. However, due to the labor-intensive and highly time-consuming process, only few well-characterized patient-derived cell lines and/or corresponding xenografts exist. In this study, we describe successful generation and functional(More)
The localization of biliary glycoprotein (BGP) and its mRNA in normal colonic mucosa was studied by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. BGP mRNA was confined to columnar epithelial cells and expressed abundantly in the superficial mature cells and at low levels in differentiating cells in the upper crypts. Epithelial expression of BGP coincided(More)
Neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy has been proven superior to adjuvant treatment in reducing the rate of local recurrence without impairing cancer related survival or the incidence of distant metastases in standard protocols of neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. The present study aimed at addressing the effects of an intensified neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy on(More)
In vitro lipid peroxidation of brain cell membranes was recorded directly by monitoring the concomitant photon emission. Chemiluminescence appeared spontaneously after disintegration of vital brain cells (pig brain cell homogenate, isolated oligodendrocytes), decreasing the high intracellular ascorbate concentration in the vital glial cell (1 mmol/L) to a(More)