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The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of chemoradiation using capecitabine and irinotecan as neoadjuvant therapy for patients with rectal cancer. Conventional radiation was given at daily fractions of 1.8 Gy on 5 days a week for a total dose of 55.8 (50.4 + 5.4) Gy. Concurrently, irinotecan 40 mg m(-2) once weekly and capecitabine(More)
The term tumour budding denotes that at the invasion front of colorectal adenocarcinomas tumour cells, singly or in small aggregates, become detached from the neoplastic glands. This morphological feature is increasingly being recognized as a strong and robust adverse prognostic factor. Biologically, tumour budding is closely related to the(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy intensified with irinotecan in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Eligible patients had nonmetastatic disease at a locally advanced stage that made R0 resection and sphincter preservation uncertain. They received preoperative radiation over 6 weeks to 45 Gy(More)
AIMS The term tumour 'budding' has been coined for the detachment of tumour cells from the neoplastic glands of adenocarcinomas and is presumed to be an early step in the metastatic process. A limited number of studies have shown budding to be an adverse prognostic factor. METHODS AND RESULTS All primary single, non-metachronous TNM stage I/II colorectal(More)
Pathogenetic pathways of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) lacking mutations in KIT and PDGFRA (∼15%) are still poorly studied. Nearly nothing is known about PI3K alterations in GISTs and only a few GISTs with BRAF mutations have been reported. BRAF mutations (V600E) were found in 3/87 tumors (3.5%) concomitantly were wild type for KIT and PDGFRA. No(More)
INTRODUCTION Seizures are the most common initial symptom in patients with low-grade glioma and their occurrence strongly depends on the tumor location. The majority of low-grade gliomas reveal mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate-dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) or 2 (IDH2). These mutations are associated with metabolic changes that are potentially(More)
PURPOSE After neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and surgery, there is no general agreement about whether postoperative chemotherapy is necessary. With the help of clinical and pathohistologic data, prognostic factors were determined as a basis for the decision to spare a patient additional chemotherapy or to urgently recommend it. RESULTS Ninety-five patients(More)
Previous studies have identified high numbers of intraepithelial T lymphocytes to be associated with good prognosis in various types of cancer. Few studies addressing this issue have been published for colorectal cancer. In a simulated prospective approach ("phase II prognostic factor study"), all nonmetachronous International Union Against Cancer (UICC)(More)
BACKGROUND The quality of a histopathologic workup after oncologic resection of pancreatic malignancies has changed the central role of surgery substantially for radical tumor clearance over the past years. The development of standardized protocols for pathologic workup increased the rate of R1 resections from around 20% up to 80%. In the present study, we(More)
In colorectal carcinomas, p16(INK4a) inactivation is known to occur by allelic loss and by promoter methylation, but mutations are rare. p16(INK4a) is up-regulated in tumor buds, and the consequent shutdown of proliferation may be a prerequisite for tumor budding. Fifty-seven colorectal carcinomas from a consecutive series were investigated. Using DNA from(More)