Friedrich Kueppers

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The processing of precursor interleukin 1 beta (IL1 beta) by elastase, cathepsin G, and collagenase, the major proteases released at sites of inflammation, was investigated using recombinant pro-IL1 beta. Each of these proteases cleaved the 31-kDa inactive precursor to a form similar in size and specific activity (greater than 10(8) units/mg) to the 17-kDa(More)
The concentrations of five normally occurring protease inhibitors in serum and synovial fluid were compared in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthrosis, and normal controls. The patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed a significant rise in alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-antichymotrypsin, and inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (in decreasing order) in(More)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin-Pittsburgh is a human variant that resulted from a point mutation in the plasma protease inhibitor, alpha 1-antitrypsin (358 Met----Arg). This defect in the alpha 1-antitrypsin molecule causes it to have greatly diminished anti-elastase activity but markedly increased antithrombin activity. In this report, we demonstrate that this(More)
Milligram amounts of mammalian ciliary axonemes were isolated from porcine tracheas. These were reactivated upon addition of ATP, indicating intact functional capability with a mean beat frequency at 37 degrees C of 8.2 Hz. Electron microscopy showed typical ultrastructure of the isolated demembranated axonemes. Electrophoresis into polyacrylamide gradient(More)
A new common variant (M1) of alpha 1 antitrypsin was detected by isoelectric focusing of serum in a pH gradient of 3.5-5.0 in polyacrylamide gels. The variant can be clearly distinguished from the common M type only when alpha 1 antitrypsin M is present in the same serum. It cannot be recognized on starch gel electrophoresis. The gene frequency in a(More)
Isoelectric focusing was applied to the Gc polymorphism. In agreement with Constans et al., we found two common 'subtypes' of Gc1 that could not be identified by conventional electrophoretic procedures. They are labeled Gc1F and Gc1S. Gc1F has a slightly lower isoelectric point than Gc1S. In groups of US blacks the allele frequencies were for Gc1F; 0.732(More)
The clinical symptoms, measurements of pulmonary function, and interpretations of thoracic roentgenograms in 18 patients with alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency associated with the PiZ phenotype are reported. The patients had never smoked and had little or no exposure to occupational and urban air pollution. The findings were compared with those in a group of(More)