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The role of histamine as a fast neuro-transmitter of imaginai insect photoreceptors is firmly established. In adult Drosophila, histamine is also found in mechanosensory receptors of cuticular hair sensilla and in a small number of nonreceptor neurons in head and body ganglia. Here we investigate the function of histamine by immunohistochemical and(More)
We have investigated the potential of piperine for inhibiting the activity of cytochrome P4502B1 and protecting against aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in V79MZr2B1 (r2B1) cells, i.e. V79 Chinese hamster cells engineered for the expression of rat CYP4502B1. The cells were found to contain high activities of 7-methoxycoumarin demethylase (MOCD). Piperine inhibited MOCD(More)
A V79 Chinese hamster cell line stably expressing human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) was obtained by chromosomal integration of the human CYP1A1 cDNA under the control of the SV40 early promoter. Chromosomal integration was verified by Southern analysis, and effective transcription of the human CYP1A1 cDNA was demonstrated by Northern analysis. The CYP1A1(More)
Differences in benzo(a)pyrene metabolite pattern have been shown by rodent liver microsomes (Sprague-Dawley) and rodent embryo cells from Syrian hamsters and NIH Swiss mice. Rodent liver induced by methylcholanthrene shows marked quantitative variation between species. Additional pattern changes were found in mouse and hamster embryo secondary cultures with(More)
V79 Chinese hamster cells were genetically engineered for stable expression of human P450IA2. Full length cDNA, encoding human P450IA2, was inserted into an SV40 early promoter containing eukaryotic expression vector and cointroduced with the selection marker neomycin phosphotransferase (conferring resistance to the neomycin derivative G418) into V79(More)
The effects of piperine, a major ingredient of black pepper, on UDP-glucose dehydrogenase (UDP-GDH) and glucuronidation potentials of rat and guinea pig liver and intestine were studied. Piperine caused a concentration-related strong inhibition of UDP-GDH (50% at 10 microM) reversibly and equipotently, in both tissues. Partially purified rat liver UDP-GDH(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), and benz[a]anthracene (BA) highly induce cytochrome P4501A1, determined by aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity, in human hepatoma HepG2 cells within 24 h. AHH activity induced by TCDD and TCDF persists for at least 48 h. In contrast, AHH activity induced by BA(More)
A national interlaboratory study to validate two alternative methods to the Draize rabbit's eye test, co-ordinated by ZEBET at the German Federal Health Office (BGA), is described. The aim of the study is to classify chemicals according to their irritation potential using the neutral red/kenacid blue (NR/KB) cytotoxicity assay and the hen's egg(More)
The microsomal cytochrome P-450-dependent aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase is important in the detoxification of polycyclic hydrocarbons as well as their activation to cytotoxic or carcinogenic derivatives. We have studied compounds that can modify the activity of this enzyme system. Three types of flavones are distinguished on the basis of their effect on the(More)