Friedrich J. Wiebel

Learn More
The role of histamine as a fast neuro-transmitter of imaginai insect photoreceptors is firmly established. In adult Drosophila, histamine is also found in mechanosensory receptors of cuticular hair sensilla and in a small number of nonreceptor neurons in head and body ganglia. Here we investigate the function of histamine by immunohistochemical and(More)
Modulation of benzo(a)pyrene (BP) metabolism and regulation of CYP1A1 gene expression by piperine in 5L cells in culture was studied. Treatment of cultures with 60 microM piperine for different time periods inhibited metabolism of BP by 50% within 4-8 h. Piperine uptake in 5L cells attained saturation plateau at 8 h and this related with the maximal(More)
Mammalian cells in culture were used to study the genotoxic potential of coke oven emissions constituting a complex mixture of chemicals. For this purpose, particle extracts and some polycyclic aromatic and nitroaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH and nitro-PAH) occurring in these mixtures were assayed for DNA adduct formation using the -postlabeling technique. In(More)
The synergistic effect of dexamethasone (DEX) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on the induction of cytochrome P450IA1 (P450IA1) was examined in H4IIEC3/T Reuber hepatoma cells. P450IA1 activity was determined by the hydroxylation of benzo[a]pyrene (AHH) and deethylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin (EROD). The amount of Ah receptor, i.e. the specific cytosolic(More)
A national interlaboratory study to validate two alternative methods to the Draize rabbit's eye test, co-ordinated by ZEBET at the German Federal Health Office (BGA), is described. The aim of the study is to classify chemicals according to their irritation potential using the neutral red/kenacid blue (NR/KB) cytotoxicity assay and the hen's egg(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), and benz[a]anthracene (BA) highly induce cytochrome P4501A1, determined by aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity, in human hepatoma HepG2 cells within 24 h. AHH activity induced by TCDD and TCDF persists for at least 48 h. In contrast, AHH activity induced by BA(More)
1. The human lung tumour cells NCI-H322 metabolized benzo(a)pyrene (BP) at a rate of 160 pmol/10(6) cells/h for at least 8 h. About 30% of the total metabolites were water-soluble, 30% of which were conjugates with glutathione. The water-soluble fraction also contained BP sulphates but no BP glucuronides. 2. The cytotoxic potency of BP and its metabolites,(More)
A V79 Chinese hamster cell line stably expressing human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) was obtained by chromosomal integration of the human CYP1A1 cDNA under the control of the SV40 early promoter. Chromosomal integration was verified by Southern analysis, and effective transcription of the human CYP1A1 cDNA was demonstrated by Northern analysis. The CYP1A1(More)
Differences in benzo(a)pyrene metabolite pattern have been shown by rodent liver microsomes (Sprague-Dawley) and rodent embryo cells from Syrian hamsters and NIH Swiss mice. Rodent liver induced by methylcholanthrene shows marked quantitative variation between species. Additional pattern changes were found in mouse and hamster embryo secondary cultures with(More)