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OBJECTIVE The principal MRI features of hippocampal sclerosis are volume loss and increased T2 weighted signal intensity. Minor and localised abnormalities may be overlooked without careful quantitation. Hippocampal T2 relaxation time (HT2) can be quantified, but previously has only been measured on a few thick coronal slices with interslice gaps. In this(More)
Factors influencing atypical speech lateralization have theoretical importance in understanding the organization and reorganization of higher cognitive functions, as well as having practical implications, especially in brain surgery and neurorehabilitation. Atypical (right-sided or bilateral) language representation is more frequent in focal epilepsy than(More)
EEG-triggered functional MRI (fMRI) offers the potential to localize the generators of scalp EEG events, such as interictal epileptiform discharges, using a biological measurement as opposed to relying solely on modelling techniques. Although recent studies have demonstrated these possibilities in a small number of patients, wider application has been(More)
Comparing the determination of language dominance using fMRI with results of the Wada test in 100 patients with different localization-related epilepsies, the authors found 91% concordance between both tests. The overall rate of false categorization by fMRI was 9%, ranging from 3% in left-sided temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) to 25% in left-sided extratemporal(More)
A new fast automated algorithm has been developed to segment the brain from T1-weighted volume MR images. The algorithm uses automated thresholding and morphological operations. It is fully three-dimensional and therefore independent of scan orientation. The validity and the performance of the algorithm were evaluated by comparing the automatically(More)
OBJECTIVE Emotional dysregulation is a key feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) with altered inhibitory functions having suggested as being crucial. The anterior cingulate cortex and further prefrontal brain regions are crucial for response inhibition. The regulation of emotions is ensured via inhibitory control over the amygdala. The present(More)
Recent functional neuroimaging and lesion studies demonstrate the involvement of the orbitofrontal/ventromedial prefrontal cortex as a key structure in decision making processes. This region seems to be particularly crucial when contingencies between options and consequences are unknown but have to be learned by the use of feedback following previous(More)
Autoscopic phenomena in general may-among other conditions-occur during epileptic seizures and near death experiences. We set the hypothesis that ictal autoscopic phenomena and near death experiences have a similar semiology as measured by the Near Death Experience Questionnaire. We also investigated whether patients with aura before temporal lobe seizures(More)
MRI scans of patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) are normal on visual assessment. Using an interactive anatomical segmentation technique and volume-of-interest measurements of MRI, we showed recently that patients with IGE had significantly larger cortical grey matter than control subjects. Further, 40% of individual patients with juvenile(More)