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The aim of this study was to proof applicability of hyperspectral imaging for the analysis and classification of human mucosal surfaces in vivo. The larynx as a prototypical anatomically well-defined surgical test area was analyzed by microlaryngoscopy with a polychromatic lightsource and a synchronous triggered monochromatic CCD-camera. Image stacks (5(More)
The functional role of short-, medium- and long-latency responses for the maintenance of upright posture was investigated in twenty healthy subjects standing on a platform which could be rotated in pitch around the subject's ankle joints. Tilting the platform toe-up evokes a stretch reflex in the triceps surae muscle (TS, latency 55-65 ms) and at higher(More)
BACKGROUND The INK4a-ARF (CDKN2A) locus, located on chromosome 9p21, encodes two functionally distinct tumor suppressor genes, p14(ARF) and p16(INK4a), that play active roles in the p53 and Rb tumor suppressive pathways, respectively. We analyzed the alterations of p14(ARF), p16(INK4a) and p53 to study the contribution of each pathway in tumorigenesis of 29(More)
BACKGROUND Despite multimodal treatment, sinonasal malignancies have an unfavorable prognosis. The purpose of this study was to elucidate if these tumors harbor amplifications of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) gene, which has recently been identified as a potential therapeutic target in squamous cell lung cancer. METHODS One hundred(More)
INTRODUCTION Parapharyngeal tumors account for only 0.8% of all head and neck tumors which often presents the problem of preoperative diagnosis. Up to 80% of parapharyngeal tumors are benign. PATIENTS Starting November 1995 to March 2001, 16 patients with parapharyngeal tumors and 1 retropharyngeal abscess were treated. The median age was 54 years. Only 2(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the complex anatomy of the head and neck region, conventional projection radiography alone is unreliable and carries a high risk of misdiagnosis. The poor risk-benefit ratio of conventional radiography has led to their replacement by tomographic imaging for nearly all studies in this region. METHOD This review is based on pertinent(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines the advantages and disadvantages of a commercial telemanipulator system (daVinci, Intuitive Surgical, USA) with computer-guided instruments in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). METHODS We performed five different surgical FESS steps on 14 anatomical preparation and compared them with conventional FESS. A total of(More)
For patients without symptoms and at risk, there is no established early detection program to discover carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract in the sense of secondary prevention. Such type of prevention seems even more desirable because the chances for a cure and the quality of life are strongly dependent on the stage of the tumor and the time of the(More)
PURPOSE FGFR1 copy-number gain (CNG) occurs in head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCC) and is used for patient selection in FGFR-specific inhibitor clinical trials. This study explores FGFR1 mRNA and protein levels in HNSCC cell lines, primary tumors, and patient-derived xenografts (PDX) as predictors of sensitivity to the FGFR inhibitor, NVP-BGJ398. (More)