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The functional role of short-, medium- and long-latency responses for the maintenance of upright posture was investigated in twenty healthy subjects standing on a platform which could be rotated in pitch around the subject's ankle joints. Tilting the platform toe-up evokes a stretch reflex in the triceps surae muscle (TS, latency 55-65 ms) and at higher(More)
OBJECTIVES A number of different image-guided surgical techniques have been developed during the past decade. None of these methods can provide the surgeon with information about the dynamic changes that occur intra-operatively. MATERIAL AND METHOD The first vertical open 0.5T MRI-scanner for intra-operative MRI-guided neurosurgery in Germany was(More)
The functional role of spinal and supraspinal EMG-responses for the maintenance of upright human posture was investigated in ten healthy subjects standing on a force measuring platform, which could be rotated in pitch around an axis aligned with the subject's ankle joint. Voluntary changes of body posture prior to the platform movement by leaning forward or(More)
Manual segmentation of computed tomography (CT) datasets was performed for robot-assisted endoscope movement during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Segmented 3D models are needed for the robots' workspace definition. A total of 50 preselected CT datasets were each segmented in 150-200 coronal slices with 24 landmarks being set. Three different(More)
Segmentation of medical image data is getting more and more important over the last years. The results are used for diagnosis, surgical planning or workspace definition of robot-assisted systems. The purpose of this paper is to find out whether manual or semi-automatic segmentation is adequate for ENT surgical workflow or whether fully automatic(More)
Functional Endoscopic Surgery of Paranasal sinuses (FESS) and Skull Base surgery is one of the most frequent surgeries performed at the ENT department of the Bonn University, Germany. Beside of surgical Navigation Robotic is one of the upcoming fields of Computer assisted Surgery developments. This work presents novel research and concepts for Robot(More)
OBJECTIVES The transcription factor SOX2 (3q26.3-q27) is an embryonic stem cell factor contributing to the induction of pluripotency in terminally differentiated somatic cells. Recently, amplification of the SOX2 gene locus has been described in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of different organ sites. Aim of this study was to investigate amplification and(More)
Recently, SOX2 has been identified as a potential lineage-specific oncogene in lung squamous cell carcinomas. Since head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are morphologically and clinically highly related to lung squamous cell carcinomas, we hypothesized that SOX2 also plays an oncogenic role in this tumor entity. We assembled a cohort of 496(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) participate in the regulation of inflammation and innate immunity, for example by responding to pathogen-derived signals and by regulating the function of innate immune cells. MSCs from the bone-marrow and peripheral tissues share common basic cell-biological functions. However, it is unknown whether these MSCs(More)
In this video we show our current prototype for robot assisted endoscopy. The system requires only few and simple instructions from the surgeon, in order to guide the endoscope in an intelligent, autonomous, and safe way: The surgeon tells what to do and the robot decides how to carry out the task by choosing the best manipulation primitive in every control(More)